Many. There are many screening tests available for use in individuals at risk for vascular disease. These include carotid duplex which looks for plaque in the carotid arteries. Another important tool is a lowerextremity arterial evaluation/abi which measures the blood pressure ratio in the arm to ankle to estimate blood flow to the legs and ais an excellent marker of vascular disease. Certain blood tes.
Depends on. Location of vascular bed. Ankle brachial index for legs Carotid duplex ultrasound for neck arteries.