What does it mean when the doctor says you have inflammation of the bowels and what causes it to occur?

Inflammatory. condition of the intestines, contrasted with infectious condition, is usually Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis. Other inflammatory conditions are rare. Causes are unknown in most cases. Treatment consists of anti-inflammatory meds, sometimes even steroids, and avoiding certain foods. Ask for a referral to a GI specialist if your symptoms persist.