6 doctors weighed in:
What are the tests for diabetes in child?
6 doctors weighed in

Dr. Vered Lewy-Weiss
Pediatrics - Endocrinology
4 doctors agree
In brief: Urine/blood
Most children with diabetes have type 1 and present with high blood sugar, very low Insulin and c-peptide and urine which is positive for glucose and ketones.
A hba1c will be elevated, which is a marker of chronic blood sugar control extending over a few months back. If the child has diabetic ketoacidosis, labs will be followed hourly for glucose and electrolytes. Other blood tests are also done.

In brief: Urine/blood
Most children with diabetes have type 1 and present with high blood sugar, very low Insulin and c-peptide and urine which is positive for glucose and ketones.
A hba1c will be elevated, which is a marker of chronic blood sugar control extending over a few months back. If the child has diabetic ketoacidosis, labs will be followed hourly for glucose and electrolytes. Other blood tests are also done.
Dr. Vered Lewy-Weiss
Dr. Vered Lewy-Weiss
Thank
Dr. Susan Wingo
Internal Medicine - Endocrinology
2 doctors agree
In brief: Glucose (sugar) leve
The primary diagnostic criteria is a fasting blood glucose (sugar) level over 125.
If symptoms are present, a random sugar over 200 is diagnostic, or any sugar over 300. Glycated hemoglobin, aka hga1c, over 6.5% is another criteria, and can be helpful in determining how long the high blood sugars have been present.

In brief: Glucose (sugar) leve
The primary diagnostic criteria is a fasting blood glucose (sugar) level over 125.
If symptoms are present, a random sugar over 200 is diagnostic, or any sugar over 300. Glycated hemoglobin, aka hga1c, over 6.5% is another criteria, and can be helpful in determining how long the high blood sugars have been present.
Dr. Susan Wingo
Dr. Susan Wingo
Thank
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