What are the risks and benefits of stenting diseased blood vessels / heart bypass surgery / heart transplant / artificial heart valve transplant?

Way too complex. This question is way to complex for a short text Q&A. Individual patient information is needed to really discuss risks and benefits. This discussion needs to be with a live cardiologist and/or cardiac surgeon.

Related Questions

My dad is having heart bypass surgery. What are the risks?

Treat blockages. Usually bypass surgery is done for patients with blockages to the arteries of the heart in an attempt to stop angina and prevent heart attacks. Patients with multiple vessel blockages and decreased function will often have bypass surgery rather than stents. Read more...
Depends. Coronary blockage- bypass and generally improved prognosis are the general results risks of procedures are being reduced all the time. But patients are older and bring more intrinsic personal risks. Risks are dying, bleeding, infection, stroke, recurrence. Over all about 2%. Read more...

Can stem cells be applied in heart valve transplant right now?

Presently, no. There is a center in kansas city working on this very thing but it is currently at the animal level of experimentation. This is a great question and someday, if this procedure is perfected to use in humans, it will revolutionize pediatric valve surgery as the valve will grow with the recipient, obviating the need for reoperation. Read more...
Stem cells. Not quite yet, but they are being used for heart muscle regeneration and many other fascinating areas in transplantation. Read more...
No. Heart valves are currently not transplanted (unless it's with the whole rest of the heart). There is no established role (yet) for stem cells for heart disease. Read more...

Are there advantages to a heart valve replacement over a heart transplant?

Yes. Heart valves are not rejected, and the patient does not require life long immunosuppression as with a transplanted organ. Read more...
Yes. A heart valve replacement does not require a new heart from a deceased individual, and does not create the need for lifelong immunosuppressive drugs to prevent rejection of the heart. Read more...

What are the the risks & drawbacks of heart bypass surgery - not the benefits?

See below. Risks include death, stroke, heart attack, kidney failure, respiratory failure, bleeding and infection. Gi or bowel or liver complications are much less frequent but can occur. The drawback is that it is a major operation that may take 2 - 3 months to fully recover from. The good news is that the overwhelming majority of patients do very well with marked improvement in quality of life afterward. Read more...
Low risk. For coronary bypass operations:the list includes dying, bleeding and reoperation, infection treated by antibiotics, stroke which is rare unless other risks. Those who need the surgery have higher risks of these items without having an indicated operation. In general the risks added together are less than 2% even in these ill persons. Read more...