1-4. This is a simple breakdown-- stage 1-limited to kidney stage 2- outside the kidney stage 3-residual tumor after removal of the kidney inside the abdomen stage 4-metastasis to liver, lung, brain or other regions for more details you can go to: http://www. Cancer. Gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/wilms/healthprofessional/page3.
Four stages. Stages 1-4. One is small tumor involving only single kidney. Two is large tumor crossing midline. Three involves mets to vessels and lymph nodes. Four has distant mets to lungs, etc. Histology type is also very important.
Rapidly improving! In 1900, virtually no child diagnosed with wilm's tumor survived. Between then and the mid-1950s survival improved to about 50% due to improved surgery and routine radiation. At that time vincristine and actinomycin were found to be effective chemo drugs for this tumor; by 1965 2-year survival was improved to 80%. Today over 90% of children with wilm's tumor are cured.
Wilma. In 1960 the survival rate for favorable histology was 54 percent by 1965 it went upto 81 percent and currently is close to 99 percent and between 83 percent and 55 percent in the unfavorable histology group.
Kidney cancer. It is a form of kidney cancer affecting children.
Kidney cancerw. Wilms tumor is a malignant tumor of the kidney. It most commonly occurs in toddlers and young children. It is extremely uncommon in teenagers or adults. Although it is a malignant tumor, it is one of the cancer with highest cure rate. Over all cura rate is about 80 %. Usually chidren present with a big abdomen due to the large tumor size.
Kidney tumor. Wilms is a malignant (cancerous) mass involving one (sometimes both) of the kidneys. It typically occurs in young children. It typically causes an abdominal mass or newly noticed blood in the urine. It can spread to lymph nodes, lungs, and brain. Treatments include surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation.
Yes. Depending on the biology of the tumor, that is whether it is a favorable histology or unfavorable histology, the spread of the disease and treatment, the tumor can reoccur. Usually the kidney is removed as part of the operation, so if it recurs in the same area it may be secondary to local spread.
The survival. And control rates of "favorable histology" is extraordinary and recurrence unlikely, but these outcomes are less certain with "unfavorable histology". They are still very good but ask the care-giving team the histology question.
Kidney cancer. Wilms is a malignant kidney tumor.
Ultrasound. Ultrasound of abdomen can show this childhood tumor.
Imaging and tissue. Ultrasound is many times the first imaging modality used, then ct scans are required for staging. The kidney with wilms is completely removed (unless there is bilateral disease), and then a pathologist determines whether its appearance falls under favorable histology, or focal or diffuse anaplasia. All of this information will guide therapy.
Yes. Depending on the grade and stage of the original wilms tumor, it could come back. However, if it has been more than several years since the original tumor, and it hasn't come back yet, then it is very unlikely to.
Mass in abdomen. It is a childhood tumor of the kidney. Mass hand pain in abdomen, blood in urine, vomiting, and fever are among the symptoms. There may be increase in blood pressure and sometimes the tumor is bilateral. It is a curable cancer.
Wilms Tumor. Most common in kids ages 3-4, rare after age 5 although it has occured. Now it has a pretty good prognosis if caught and treated early.
Yes. While the majority of wilms tumor occurs in the pediatric age population, adults, even the elderly, can get wilms (though it is very rare). Adults with wilms are more difficult to treat than kids.