If prostate cancer is found, how do doctors describe how far the cancer has spread?

Staging. Most docs use the tnm staging system. If your biopsy was positive based on an elevated psa, you are t1c. You are n1 if a ct detects small lymph nodes. You are m1 if the bone scan is positive. For example, t2n0m0 suggests that the cancer is just in the prostate.
X-rays, blood tests. Once the diagnosis of prostate cancer has been made, staging of the cancer may be performed. This includes x-rays such as a ct scan, mri, chest x-ray, bone scan and blood tests. If any of the tests are not normal, further diagnostic tests may be required. In a lot of early stage cancers, a minimal workup is generally needed.
Spread. Psa level, ct scan and bone scans, and sometimes even an MRI can be used to evaluate the chance of spread...If psa less than 20 spread is unlikely.

Related Questions

My husband found out that he had prostate cancer a week ago and doctors said he was at stage 4, what can I do?

Be supportive. As a wife, you need to be supportive and talk with the doctors along with your loving husband, to determine the best course of action to take with his condition. God bless and good luck. Read more...
Stage 4. See a medical oncologist asap consider going to an academic medical center, may have a clinical trial for you. Read more...
If he indeed has. Disease outside the prostate, commonly it goes to bones. Some declare this based on psa number. Treatment for advanced prostate sometimes is done by the urologist (hormone management) of medical oncologist, or focal radiotherapy for pain, but make sure the treatment doe snot cause more 'harms' than the disease. If you feel good, treatment may not improve that, and might cause symptoms. Read more...

Doctors, what are the symptoms of prostate cancer?

Usually nine. Most men will find they have prostate cancer due to an abnormal psa test, only when prostate cancer is very advanced do we sees symptoms....Many think psa is the reason we now see many fewer men with cancer that has already spread. Read more...
No symptoms. most of the time it is asymptomatic. In its late stages there can be poor urine flow, painful urination, or blood in the urine. Read more...

Can doctors tell me what does untreated prostate cancer actually do to your body?

Highly variable. The behavior of prostate cancer varies widely. Many men with low risk, low grade prostate cancer will die of other causes and the cancer that they harbor will have no impact on their lives. If the prostate cancer is aggressive, it can spread outside the prostate, invading nearby organs such as the bladder or rectum, then spread to the bones. Symptoms can range from minimal to severe. Read more...

Doctors, what are the real prostate cancer symptoms?

Often none. . In fact, a good number of men who die of "old age" or other reasons are found with prostate cancer in their autopsies they never knew existed. If it grows big enough, men will have the usual symptoms of an enlarged prostate: difficulty starting the urine flow, getting up at nite to pee, etc. If it spreads (and it likes the bone) pain may occur. Read more...

Can any doc tell me what's the best way to treat prostate cancer?

Depends on stage. Early prostate cancer can be successfully treated with either surgery or radiation plus or minus male hormone blockers. Metastatic cancer is not curable but can do well for a while with hormonal therapy. When that fails, there are other options like chemo or immunotherapy. Radiation can be also used to control symptoms like pain. There is no "best way" depends on the situation. Read more...
Here are some ... Treating prostate cancer (P-Ca) is unique due to its high prevalence in the aged. No one single factor decides how to treat it. A professional has to balance between medical necessity and professional possibility after analyzing the interacting pictures contributed by age, serail PSA pattern, finding on DRE, concomitant medical comorbidity, tissue Gleason score, staging finding, etc. so to derive. Read more...
Treatment. Depending on your age and degree of aggressiveness of the cancer options of surgery, radiation, high frequency ultrasound, and even observation. Read more...

Why don't doctors know the cause of prostate cancer or testicular cancer?

No specific cause. Cancers arise by dumb luck, genetic mutations that are random. There are no significant exposures for these, unlike lung cancer. Read more...