Question about hereditary colon cancer: which kinds are inherited or run in families?

Several. The types of colorectal cancers you refer to include hnpcc (hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer) and fap (familial adenomatous polyposis). However, each of these can also arise form a new mutation with no family history. Garden variety colorectal cancer also has some heritability, though far less than those noted above.
Colon cancer. Genetic succeptibility for colon cancer includes hereditary nonpolyposis colonrectal cancer (lynch syndrome), & famiial adenomatous polyposis.