It depends. A pap smear is a test used to screen for cervical cancer, where a doc takes a sample of cells from the cervix. There is a wide range of abnormal results. Some pap tests come back showing you have a virus called hpv which is extremely common in sexually active women. Pap smears can also show that the cells of the cervix themselves are abnormal, showing pre-cancerous or cancerous cells.
Abnl Pap Smears. An abnormal pap smear means that cells were found that might have changes that put you at risk for the later development of cervical cancer. These changes can be subtle, and often are inflammatory or reactive, but they can also pre-sage cancer development. Your gyn practitioner, along with your pathologist, can explain your specific findings and recommend any necessary treatments.