Some avoidable. Balanced nutrition, exercise and proper rest is the beginning effort. Preventable defects include those caused by alcohol and drug use, so these must be avoided from the point you start trying through the end of any pregnancy. Sometimes a consultation with a medical geneticist can reveal issues from either side of the family that you can at least be aware of. Some defects are random and not avoidable.
Sometimes. A healthy mother, eating a healthy diet, along with prenatal vitamins (especially folic acid) and prenatal care will decrease the likelihood of many birth defects. There is no guarantee-- prenatal care will help expectant moms do the best for their developing baby, and will catch birth defects earlier to therapies can be planned.
Yes. Some can, but not all. Taking Folic Acid supplements before conception can prevent spinal cord defects. Excellent sugar control for a diabetic, avoiding certain drugs or medications early in pregnancy, and being aware of higher risks with advancing maternal age are all important.
Most can. Most serious birth defects involving the heart and spine/brain can be prevented in 75-90% of cases when Folic Acid is taken daily at 1-5 mg for at least 3-12 months before conception. Avoiding known teratogens (alcohol, valproic acid, vitamin a/retinoic acid, statins, uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, radiation, heat, ace-inhibitors, etc.) can obviously also help prevent serious birth defects.
Some can, some can't. A host of malformations are the result of genetic effects, sometimes single-gene abnormalities, sometimes multifactorial, the result of interaction of genes and environmental factors. The cause of many we haven't a clue. Prevention of genetic defects cam be attempted by having a preconception screening for ethnic-related disorders, and prenatal testing to see if the fetus is at increased risk.
Pretty limited. Some birth defects such as fetal alcohol syndrome, defects associated with use of Accutane during pregnancy, and neural tube defect associated with Folic Acid deficiency are some examples whose occurrence can be minimized at least if not totally preventable.
Not all. Some birth defects, like spine problems can be reduced by taking your prenatal vitamins. Others, like fetal alcohol syndrome can be completely prevented by no alcohol in pregnancy. Most though can't be predicted or prevented.
Sure! Take Folic Acid at 1-5 mg daily for at least 3-12 months before conception to decrease spinal and cardiac defects by 95 and 75% respectively. Control your diabetes mellitus, avoid valproate/alcohol/radiation and all other teratogens, assure normal thyroid function and you can prevent the majority of birth defects.
Prenatal care. Take care of yourself. Eat healthy. Avoid drugs, alcohol and cigarettes. But sometimes, birth defects happen despite all that, some are heriditary, and others are random.
Many things. 3 of every 100 babies born have a serious malformation that will require surgery or will have a major impact on their lives. Much of this risk can't be changed. But good prenatal health definitely does help - beginning before conception: no alcohol, no drugs, good nutrition, proper care of diabetes, early visits to your doc, & prenatal vitamins that include folic acid. Http://www. Marchofdimes. Com.
Good nutrition. The only association that is known between nutrition and birth defects, is the lack of vit B12 (folic acid) and a higher incidence of spina bifida. Taking prenatal vitamins will prevent this. In general, good nutrition will assure you and your baby the best chance for good growth prenatally.
Dietary helps. Well, vegetables rich in Folic Acid would be good, examples are spinach and leafy green lettuce. Although just taking a Folic Acid supplement is the best way. It actually has been shown to be better absorbed when taken as a pill.
B vitamin-folate. Eating a diet with whole grains, vegetables, legumes, fresh fruits, diary & calcium rich foods, lean protein (lean meat, fish, poultry & eggs), iron-enriched foods (red meats, poultry, fish, cereals nuts & dried fruits) and no alcohol/tobacco and illicit drugs. No Accutane for acne. Folic acid is a b-vitamin that prevents neural tube defects-dark leafy veggies, beans, fortified cereal.
Folic acid. One super food is a vitamin called folic acid. Beginning Folic Acid prior to pregnancy reduces the incidence of both neural tube defects and cardiac defects.
Not specifically. Prenatal vitamins help assure that you and your baby have enough of the vitamin factors needed to make it through pregnancy as healthy as possible. Without them, there is a good chance the pregnancy will draw all it needs from your body and you will end up depleted of calcium and other factors. It does not guarantee that no birth defects may occur. Folate (folic acid) helps reduce the risk of open spine defects.
Totally unrelated. Birth defects have both genetic and non- genetic origins. The incidence of a birth defect is not influenced by any random cosmetic or structural surgery on the body of the parent. Specifically, having the nose altered will not alter the genetic tendencies passed on to a baby for the same type of nose structure.
No. Rhinoplasty will change the way an individual's own nose looks and works, but has no impact whatsoever on a person's genes. Therefore, you can still have a child with the same nasal issues even after your surgery.
No. Rhinoplasty will not prevent birth defects.
Very important. Folate (folic acid) is used by the developing fetus in the formation of the nervous system and spinal cord. If the fetus does not receive enough folate, (folic acid) it is at risk for defects such as spina bifida, or anencephaly (no head).
Help DNA replication. Folic acid is essential for the growth of rapidly dividing cells (a prime example would be fetal cells) as it protects the integrity of genetic information from one cell division to the next. It can prevent 75-95% of all heart and brain defects and may even be able to prevent preterm birth if taken for 3-12 months before conception. All reproductive age women should be taking 1-5 mg daily!