What are the management options for a neonate with pulmonary valvular stenosis?

Pulmonary stenosis. Patients with pulmonary valve stenosis generally receive one of three management strategies, depending upon severity of symptoms and degree of stenosis as well as how abnormal the valve itself is: one, balloon valvuloplasty, consists of opening the valve through a catheter inserted into the heart; two, involves surgical to repair/replace valve; third, continued monitoring until intervention needed.