Yes. First a biopsy should be performed using a needle. Once a diagnosis is made, either benign or cancerous, surgery can be performed at a hospital or outpatient surgery center. You doctor will determine the appropriate place.
Yes. It is imperative that the tissue removed at surgery be sent to an accredited laboratory for examination by a pathologist.
Yes. Before going to surgery, a core needle biopsy should be performed so that a diagnosis can be made. If the tumor is benign, it may not need to be removed. If it is a cancerous tumor, then additional planning is needed. Breast surgery can be performed in an outpatient surgery center adequately.
Yes. Most breast conserving surgery can be done as an outpatient. Most mastectomy patients with no reconstruction or an implant/expander reconstruction, stay overnight and can go home the next day. With a tissue reconstruction, there is usually a 2-3 day hospital stay.
I had breast cancer in 2010 and recently 3 brain tumors. Did the necessary treatments (surgery, gamma knife. I would like to know if I am considered disabled because of the remaining life span?
Yes you are. Once your cancer has spread to stage-4, it is not curable (in general). This means you are disabled for all practical purposes. Your oncologist can so state, if you request it.
Probably not. Disability is not usually judged by a person's life expectancy, but rather upon loss of particular functions, such as ability to walk, or speak, or hear, etc. One can, at a given time, be suffering from a fatal disease with a limited life expectancy but not be disabled, at least at that point in time.
No, sorry! If you have breast cancer, surgery is always part of a curative treatment. That doesn't mean mastectomy necessarily; often a small surgery called a lumpectomy is enough.
What kind of surgery is the best way to remove the breast tumor and a small amount of surrounding normal tissue?
Lumpectomy. A lumpectomy is what you describe. This may not be an option for all breast tumors, though. It is best to discuss surgical options with your surgeon. Depending on the type of tumor, you may also need to consider radiation therapy after the lumpectomy. Ask your surgeon if lumpectomy would be a possibility.
Oncoplastic Surgery. The goal of breast conserving surgery is tumor removal w/clear margins. The "art" of this operation involves removing just enough tissue: too much and you lose the aesthetic benefit of breast conservation; too little necessitates a 2nd operation (re-excision lump-x), likewise worsening the aesthetic result. Oncoplastic surgery incorporates plastic surgical techniques to achieve the best result.
Lumpectomy. A lumpectomy removes a breast tumor and a small rim of normal tissue in order to obtain negative margins. A lumpectomy should be performed without causing too much deformity to the breast (oncoplastic lumpectomy).