Not really. Refractive errors are intrinsic to the eye structure and are best corrected with glasses, contact lenses or lasik. In some cases of early presbyopia or difficulty reading, reading glasses may be delayed a bit with accommodation exercises but inevitably patients will require reading glasses.
No. This in an area of a lot of contraversy in ophthalmology. There are a few drs that charge pts a lot of money for "vision therapy" that they claim will reduce glasses dependency. It has been proven time and time again that with the exception of pencil pushups for addomodative insuficiency there is no benefit of eye exercises what so ever.