No, and yes.
No, because true pleurisy
is an inflammation
of the two linings surrounding the lungs (see prior) and sports should't cause this unless, perhaps, there is blunt trauma to the chest wall.
However, the symptons of pleurisy, pain on breathing, could be caused by trauma or contusion of the chest wall or lung. Interestingly, a gas bubble caught under the diaphragm may cause pleuritic symptoms.