Is macular degeneration curable?

Unfortunately not. While there are ways to slow or treat the disease processes in age-related macular degeneration, particularly the wet form, there is presently no cure for the disease.
Treatable . Like many diseases in the eye ( and in other parts of the body) some forms of amd can be effectively treated ( such as the wet form) but never completely cured as the disease can always reoccur . In amd the cells in the retina are permanently altered and unless they are replaced (such as by stem cells, rpe transplants , etc) the disease is still present.
Treatable no cure. There is no cure yet for macular degeneration, but antivegf injections can slow progression of wet amd. There are promising results with stem cell treatments but we still do not know if this will be curative.

Related Questions

What is symptom of macular degeneration?

Varries. I have seen patients with many different symptoms (first sign) of macular degeneration. The most common is decreased ability to read (or need more light to read) or difficulty adapting to sudden changes in the lighting in the environment; light to dark or dark to light situations. Read more...
Decreased vision. Both the wet and dry forms of armd cause decrease in central vision. Distortion is often an early symptom and an amsler grid is a good self screening tool. Vision loss from the dry form is usually slowly progressive and lessor in degree than the wet form which can have very dramatic decrease in vision that is rapid and significant. Read more...

What are the symptoms of macular degeneration?

Decreased vision. Symptoms of macular degeneration may include: decreased central vision, distortion of straight lines, poor light tolerance and dark adaptation and in very severe cases visual hallucinations. Read more...
Vision changes. Best detected with an amsler grid (can use one off the computer). Read more...
Many. Age related macular degeneration (amd) is a leading cause of visual loss in the elderly population. Treatment depends on type and severity of amd. The symptoms are highly variable also: mild to moderate blurring in central areas of vision, distortion of images, haziness. Sometimes, in early stages, pt do not yet have symptoms. In late stages, visual hallucinations are possible. Read more...
Metamorphopsia . The majority of people affected by AMD are asymptotic and don't have any visual deficit. However, blurred vision and more specifically distortion can occur. For instance, straight lines spear crooked - metamorphopsia. Read more...

What is the first symptom of macular degeneration?

Vision changes. The first symptom most people experience with macular degeneration is a change in vision. An amsler grid is a simple screening tool available for home use that can allow patients who are at risk for macular degeneration to monitor for such changes. Read more...
See below. Usually central distortion in the vision of one (sometimes both) eye(s). Straight lines may appear wavy (metamorphopsia). Read more...

What are the different kinds of macular degeneration?

Wet and Dry. There are two general forms: dry about 85% which is the slow breakdown of macular pigment and vision decrease. The wet form has a more rapid progression with formation of new blood vessels, severe vision loss and occasionally intraocular hemorrhage. There are new medications which can address this. Read more...
Dry, wet. Dry = drusen build up in the macula that can eventually distort vision, and also lead to atrophy wet = growth of abnormal blood vessels from the choroid into the retina like weeds growth through cracks in a sidewalk dry is more common, wet has the new injection therapies also can have polypoidal lesions in wet amd. Read more...
Kinds of AMD. There are the two major categories of wet and dry macular degeneration. There are the four stages or grades of severity for dry amd. There are also two variants of amd called retinal angiomatous proliferation (RAP) and polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (pcv). Of the wet types, there is classical and there is occult. More terms exist to describe features in wet amd as well. Read more...

Is it rare for teenagers to have macular degeneration?

Very rare. The common type of macular degeneration is called amd, standing for "age-related macular degeneration", and the age is old age, usually over 60. However, there are rarer conditions of the retina that can lead to degeneration. Stargardt's disease, retinitis pigmentosa, pattern dystrophies of the retinal pigment epithelium, retinal cone dystrophies, and familial drusen can affect teens. Read more...
Many. Age related macular degeneration (amd) is a leading cause of visual loss in the elderly population. Treatment depends on type and severity of amd. The symptoms are highly variable also: mild to moderate blurring in central areas of vision, distortion of images, haziness. There is a familial form of macular degeneration as well. Read more...

How should you verify a diagnosis of macular degeneration?

See ophthalmologist. Although that would be uncommon at your age of 48, an ophthalmologist can look in the back of your eye to determine if you have this condition. There is an uncommon inherited form which starts more commonly at a younger age but the eye doctor can recognize this also for you. Read more...
Eye Exam. You need a complete eye exam to diagnose macular degeneration. You should see your ophthalmologist. Read more...

What happens to the vision if a person has macular degeneration?

Central vision loss. At it's most extreme, macular degeneration causes the central macula, or the most acute vision center of the eye, to be damaged. The vision loss can be severe, but usually the peripheral vision is spared and can be used to get around. Read more...
Varies. Sometimes the vision is not affected, sometimes the vision gets distorted (wavy, crooked, broken lines, or dark spots on amsler grid), and sometimes severe central vision loss can occur. Depends on the degree of the disease and complications from it. Read more...
Fairly common. Macular degeneration was the most common cause of legal blindness in individuals over 50. With modern treatment strategies, severe vision loss is much less common. Some degree of vision impairment usually develops with this chronic degenerative disease over time. The earliest symptoms include delay in adjusting to dim light ; needing more light to read. Visual acuity decline follows. Read more...

How can I help prevent macular degeneration?

AREDS vitamins. The national eye institute did a study that showed that a particular vitamin formula called areds can help reduce progression of macular degenration in people with high risk characteristics. You should see your ophthalmologist to determine if you have these characteristics. There are particular eye vitamins that your eye md may recommend for your general ocular health. Read more...
You can't, however.. Macular degeneration is thought to occur from aging, exposure to uv radiation, exposure to toxins (smoking) and "pre-programmed" by genetics (family and race). Many of the factors are beyond anyone's control, however you can lessen your risk by am early eye exam, don't smoke, shield your exposure from uv and follow your doctor's advice for nutrition and vitamins based on your age and exam. Read more...