What is glaucoma?

Impaired eye fluid. Glaucoma is a condition in the inside of the eye, in which the fluid (aqueous humor) cannot get out at a low enough pressure to prevent the pressure from causing loss of the nerves and blood vessels at the back of the eye which causes vision to be lost. Measured will be eye pressure, corneal thickness, visual field, and disc structure. These are all part of the diagnosis.
Eye disease. There are many types of glaucoma, but the final common pathway is the progressive loss of ganglion cells (faster than age-related loss) and resultant increase in "cupping" of the optic nerve, leading to loss of vision. The cause of glaucoma can be multifactorial and is typically divided into mechanical and vascular issues.
Eye disease. Eye disorder in which the optic nerve suffers damage, permanently damaging vision in the affected eye(s) and progressing to complete blindness if untreated. It associates with increased pressure of the fluid in the eye .

Related Questions

What is glaucoma?

Increased pressure. It is associated with increase fluid pressure in the eye and causes damage to the optic nerve in a characteristic pattern.If not treated properly it can lead to blindness. Read more...
Glaucoma. Glaucoma is a family of conditions that cause withering of the optic nerve and corresponding defects in the visual field. It may or may not be associated with increased eye pressure. Read more...

What is glaucoma?

Eye pressure problem. Glaucoma is an eye disorder that damages the eye’s optic nerve, which is the main nerve attached to the back of the eyeball. It usually happens when fluid builds up in the eyeball and increases the pressure inside the eye, thus damaging the optic nerve. Glaucoma is a cause of blindness for people over age 60. Blindness from glaucoma usually can be prevented with medical care. Read more...

What causes glaucoma?

Mostly unknown. A few cases of glaucoma occur due to trauma, inherited problems and anatomical underpinnings. The majority - 'open angle glaucoma'- is largely age related with no known cause. Read more...
Genetics and age. The two largest factors contributing to the development of glaucoma are age and genetics. Other than that, trauma, steroid usage, anatomical conditions (narrow angles, pseudoexfoliation syndrome, pigmentary dispersion syndrome of the iris, cataracts), prior surgery, can all cause glaucoma. The underlying cause of glaucoma is to much pressure on the optic nerve causing it to die off. Read more...
Pressure imbalance. Ultimately, glaucoma is a pressure imbalance where the pressure inside the eye is too high for the eye, leading to nerve damage. Pressure is an equilibrium of fluid being made in the eye and fluid flowing out of the eye. Treatments for glaucoma either decrease fluid production, increase fluid outflow, or increase the effective space within the eye. Read more...
Usually elevated IOP. Glaucoma is an optic neuropathy that is associated with several risk factors including elevated intraocular pressure, a thin cornea, family history, increased optic nerve cupping, myopia and being African American . It is not always associated with elevated intraocular pressure. Normal tension glaucoma results in similar optic nerve pathology with normal eye pressure. Treatment is lowering the IOP. Read more...

What is glaucoma and is it serious?

Eye pressure too hig. Glaucoma is condition in which the internal eye pressure is higher than the vessels and nerves at the back of the eye can withstand. There are many types and causes. The most common termed 'open angle' has no known cause. Effective treatment is available including eyedrops, laser and surgery. You should be followed by an ophthalmologist because failure to treat can cause loss of vision. Read more...
Yes. Eye problem that causes ganglion cell loss faster than age-related neuronal loss with resultant dec. Vision, typically in the periphery first, and eventually leading to blindness if untreated. Read more...
Optic nerve disease. Glaucoma as defined by The American Academy of Ophthalmology is “a group of diseases with certain features including an intraocular pressure that is too high for the continued health of the eye.” It is very serious and is often free of symptoms until late in the disease. There tends to be a familial tendency and is more common in African Americans & the elderly. . Read more...
Optic neuropathy . Glaucoma is a condition where optic nerve damage occurs and is usually associated with elevated eye pressure. It is also associated with a thin cornea, family history, black race, increased optic nerve cupping and myopia. Some forms of glaucoma can occur with normal pressure and these cases can sometimes be the most serious. Most glaucoma can be treated adequately to prevent serious visual loss. Read more...

What are glaucoma treatment options?

Many. The goal in glaucoma treatment is to get the internal eye pressure lower than the level causing risk to vision. Most cases can be assisted with pressure lowering eyedrops to which can be added laser treatment if needed. Advanced or unresponsive cases may need surgery. There are many options; your ophthalmologist can assist you with the best course of action. Read more...
Numerous. Treatment options depend on the type and stage of glaucoma as long as personal preferences of the patient. There are manual surgeries, laser surgeries and medications to choose from. Speak to your doctor regarding which avenues are open to you. Read more...

What are glaucoma diseases of the eye?

Glaucoma. Can be closed or open angle glaucoma. The fluid inside the eye builds up & eventually raises the pressure inside & damages the optic nerve. Read more...
Over 100 types. There are many types of glaucoma and not all have elevated pressure. Glaucoma is nerve damage in the eye that can cause permanent vision loss. Open angle and narrow angle are the most common types of the disease. Glaucoma is treatable and if found in early stages, vision loss can be prevented. Read more...

Please help! What is glaucoma of the eyes and how serious is this?

Optc nerve. Glaucoma is an eye condition that causes loss of peripheral vision from progressive optic nerve damage it is serious and you should be followed with eye exams every 6 months as a minimum. Read more...

What is glaucoma?? What does exactly happen in this.?? If someone 50, got 25-27. is it dangerous?? Doc said it should be till 20..

Elevated eye pressur. Glaucoma is an eye condition in which the internal pressure is too high for the eye to withstand. There are many causes but the most common, open angle glaucoma, is spontaneous and age related. Uncontrolled, the vision can be gradually lost. Pressures of 25-27 are suspect and over 30 is always treated. The goal is to get less than 20 which usually is safe. A number of treatments are available. Read more...
IOp. your eye pressure could be normal if the readings are 25. However this is alarming and should be addressed by an ophthalmologist. Often times drops can be used to manage higher pressure. Glaucoma can lead to partial and complete blindness. . Read more...