Laser, surgery, etc. Diabetic retinopathy is a condition in which the vessels at the back of the eye leak, and there is risk of scar, bleeding, vision loss, retinal detachment. All of these are addressed in different ways with laser, injected pharmaceuticals, surgery and improvement in the general care of the diabetes. This needs close follow up with a retinal ophthalmologist.
Control Risk Factors. Tight control of glucose can help prevent or delay the onset of retinopathy. Control of blood pressure and cholesterol are also important factors. It is important for all diabetics to get annual dilated eye exams from an ophthalmologist to determine whether retinopathy is present. Treatment options are in-office laser, intraocular injections, and vitrectomy surgery, depending on the severity.
Depends on the stage. In the early stages of the disease, regular monitoring by and opthalmologist is typical. If the disease advances and blood vessels in the eye leak, laser treatment is warranted. Sometimes, blood vessels in the eye proliferate, and laser treatment is used in a more widespread area of the eye. Significant vision loss sometimes does occur, so frequent visits to your eye doctor are essential.