What should a caretaker know about diabetes?

Prevention. A caretaker should be able to identify symptoms of hypoglycemia or low blood sugar. Also the caretaker should understand how to check the patient's blood sugars and understand how much medication and how often the patient should take these medications.
Oral intake. In diabetes mellitus the body loses the ability to regulate the blood glucose. There can be total lack of insulin-as in type i or Insulin dependant diabetes, or the Insulin produced by the body loses its effectiveness- so called Insulin resistance seen in type ii diabetes. Irrespective, once patients are started on medications their oral intake needs to be more stable and predictable- .