123's of ABC's. Diabetes is all about numbers but letters too...Be sure you know the 123's of your abc's a - a1c: <7.0% but individualize b - blood pressure: <130/<80 c - cholesterol: LDL <100 & <70 if high risk for heart disease d - diet: carbohydrate count e - exercise: 150 minutes/week of moderate intensity exercise f - figure: 10% weight loss g - glucose: fasting = 70-130 & peak 1-2 hour after eating = <180.
A1c/LDL/BMI/Microalb. Diabetes is a vascular disease, that is high sugar causes damage to the blood vessels.A1c is the 90 day average of sugar, goal is <6.9%, the lousy cholesterol , LDL should be <99, and the urine should be free of a protien called microalbumin. The BMI should be in the overweight or normal range. All of these should best be achieved by lifestyle changes, and medications only as a stepping stone.
123's of ABC's. Diabetes is all about numbers but letters too...Be sure you know the 123's of your abc's a1c<7 but individualized, blood pressure<130/<80, cholesterol: ldl<100 and <70 if high risk for heart disease, diet: learn to count carbohydrates, exercise at least 150 minutes/week of moderately intense exercise, figure: lose 7-10% of your body weight, glucose: fasting 70-130 & 2 hour after eating<180.
HgbA1c, kidneys. The most important numbers are hgba1c, LDL cholesterol, and kidney function. Hgba1c measures the average sugar for the past 2 to 3 months. Best is 7 or less. Ldl should be less than 100, or 70 if you have heart disease. Finally you should track your kidney function with protein in the urine, creatinine, and gfr.
My Top 10 List..... 1) hba1c <7.0, 2) blood pressure <130/80, 3) body fat % <20% for men and <28% for women, 4) HDL ("good") cholesterol >45, 5) LDL ("bad") cholesterol <100, 6) triglycerides <150, 7) BMI <25, 8) urine for protein, 9) BUN and creatinine, and 10) the number to your ophthalmologist (once a year).
Hemoglobin A1C. Perhaps the most important number to keep track of is the hemoglobin a1c, which is a measure of how well sugars are controlled over time. This is the best way to monitor your overall diabetes control. Another good way to measure it is by checking your sugars before you eat, and then 2 hours after you eat. That number should fall in the 80-140 range ideally.
Know your numbers. Your fasting glucose (before meal) should be between 80 & 120. Your sugar 2 hours after you eat should be under 140. You should be aware of how your sugar reacts to exercise, so check before & after that. Your blood pressure should be under 130/80. Your hbba1c should be under 7. Your body mass index (bmi) should be under 30 (ideally under 25). Your LDL (bad cholesterol) should be under 100.
Several. As a diabetic, blood sugar control is important so daily fasting blood sugars and hgba1c are important for monitoring your diabetic control. Since diabetes, with or without proper control, increases your risk for heart disease, then blood pressure, cholesterol, weight, age, and tobacco use are very important factors as well.
BS must be <140. Tight control of fasting bs is usually between 70 and 110. Sometimes it may vary with individuals. Some patients get hypoglycemic symptoms at a bs of 70 and thus meds should be titrated to bs higher than 70.
BP and Cholesterol. In addition to watching your blood sugar level, your blood pressure and cholesterol are important to control to keep you at your healthiest best and minimize the effects of diabetes. And, speaking of numbers, let's not forget your weight! losing weight will also help you to better regulate your sugar, cholesterol, and your blood pressure.
Learn your A1cs. There are a few numbers that matter. The hemoglobin A1c is the most important test, it represents a 3 month average of your sugars. It should be below 7, which is considered perfect control. Ldl cholesterol is also important, and the goal is an LDL of at least <100. Finally blood pressure is also important to know at <130/90 being the diabetic goal.
60-140. The quick answer is that blood sugar should be between 60-140 (60-100 fasting and less than 140 two hours after a meal). One also needs to be aware of their blood pressure numbers (ideally below 130/80), their cholesterol (bad less than 100--even better if less than 70 and good greater than 60) and triglyceride numbers (less than 150).
A1c, HDL/LDL. If you have diabetes already, pay attention to your short and long term control. Your blood fasting blood sugar should be around 100 +/- 10. The hemoglobin A1c is a measure of your average blood sugar over 3 months that you get from the doctor. Also important are cholesterol LDL (bad) and HDL (good). These should be below 100 and above 40 respectively.