21 doctors weighed in:

How do tablets control diabetes?

21 doctors weighed in
Dr. Barbara A Majeroni
Family Medicine
4 doctors agree

In brief: Multiple ways

Some of the tablets increase the amount of Insulin the pancreas makes.
Others make the tissues more sensitive to insulin, others keep the liver from producing glucose.

In brief: Multiple ways

Some of the tablets increase the amount of Insulin the pancreas makes.
Others make the tissues more sensitive to insulin, others keep the liver from producing glucose.
Dr. Barbara A Majeroni
Dr. Barbara A Majeroni
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Dr. Franklyn Farrell
Occupational Medicine
1 doctor agrees

In brief: Insulin Regulation

They control diabetes by either increasing your body's production of Insulin or by decreasing resistance to the Insulin that your body naturally creates, or both.

In brief: Insulin Regulation

They control diabetes by either increasing your body's production of Insulin or by decreasing resistance to the Insulin that your body naturally creates, or both.
Dr. Franklyn Farrell
Dr. Franklyn Farrell
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Dr. Andrew Rhinehart
Internal Medicine - Diabetology
1 doctor agrees

In brief: Many different ways

There are 8 classes "tablets" to control diabetes with a 9th class to be available soon.
They decrease glucoses in many different ways including: blocking the absorption of carbohydrates from the gut or increasing: 1) Insulin production 2) Insulin sensitization of the liver, fat tissues, & muscle 3) glp-1 levels or 4) Dopamine levels in the brain the new medication class works in the kidney.

In brief: Many different ways

There are 8 classes "tablets" to control diabetes with a 9th class to be available soon.
They decrease glucoses in many different ways including: blocking the absorption of carbohydrates from the gut or increasing: 1) Insulin production 2) Insulin sensitization of the liver, fat tissues, & muscle 3) glp-1 levels or 4) Dopamine levels in the brain the new medication class works in the kidney.
Dr. Andrew Rhinehart
Dr. Andrew Rhinehart
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Dr. Michael Klein
Family Medicine
1 doctor agrees

In brief: By affecting insulin

There are several different pills to treat diabetes.
The most commonly used is an old drug called metformin. This medication makes the Insulin your body makes work better so you need less of it to reduce blood sugar. Other meds, such as Glipizide work by squeezing more Insulin out of our pancreas. Almost all meds work on one of these two loose principles.

In brief: By affecting insulin

There are several different pills to treat diabetes.
The most commonly used is an old drug called metformin. This medication makes the Insulin your body makes work better so you need less of it to reduce blood sugar. Other meds, such as Glipizide work by squeezing more Insulin out of our pancreas. Almost all meds work on one of these two loose principles.
Dr. Michael Klein
Dr. Michael Klein
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Dr. Andrew Carroll
Family Medicine
1 doctor agrees

In brief: Different modes

Different pills treat diabetes differently.
There are biguanides, sulfonylureas, tzd's, dpp-4 inhibitors, and meglitinides. You'll need to discuss these different options with your physician. Each one has different mechanisms of action too complex to discuss here.

In brief: Different modes

Different pills treat diabetes differently.
There are biguanides, sulfonylureas, tzd's, dpp-4 inhibitors, and meglitinides. You'll need to discuss these different options with your physician. Each one has different mechanisms of action too complex to discuss here.
Dr. Andrew Carroll
Dr. Andrew Carroll
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Dr. (Liz)Phuong Tran
Family Medicine
1 doctor agrees

In brief: Irrelevant. Question

Tablet could mean any tablet, therefore it has no chem, it can not control diabetes.

In brief: Irrelevant. Question

Tablet could mean any tablet, therefore it has no chem, it can not control diabetes.
Dr. (Liz)Phuong Tran
Dr. (Liz)Phuong Tran
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Dr. Cynthia Point
Internal Medicine
1 doctor agrees

In brief: They can

Most diabetes is acquired in adulthood and is initially well treated with pills.
Some of the pills are metformin, glyburide, januvia, (sitagliptin) and other related medicines. As time goes by, however, some diabetics need to add Insulin to their treatment plans.

In brief: They can

Most diabetes is acquired in adulthood and is initially well treated with pills.
Some of the pills are metformin, glyburide, januvia, (sitagliptin) and other related medicines. As time goes by, however, some diabetics need to add Insulin to their treatment plans.
Dr. Cynthia Point
Dr. Cynthia Point
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1 comment
Dr. James Rochester
Several ways. Some increase insulin production, some decrease sugar production (basically) to keep sugar levels down. Hope this answers your question.
Dr. Troy Sedlmeyer
Family Medicine
1 doctor agrees

In brief: Help process sugar

Most diabetic pills/tablets help your body metabolize sugar (glucose) better. Some pills also reduce the absorption of food to lower sugar levels.

In brief: Help process sugar

Most diabetic pills/tablets help your body metabolize sugar (glucose) better. Some pills also reduce the absorption of food to lower sugar levels.
Dr. Troy Sedlmeyer
Dr. Troy Sedlmeyer
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Dr. William Harris
Family Medicine

In brief: Many ways

Metformin stop the liver from releasing excess sugar.
Actos overcomes Insulin resistance in the muscles. When food is in the intestines, onglyza, januvia, or tradjenta (linagliptin) 1) stimulate release of sugar from the pancreas, 2) stop sugar release from the liver, 3) slow stomach emptying making you feel full, and 4) give your brain the "full" signal so you stop eating. These can be taken in combination.

In brief: Many ways

Metformin stop the liver from releasing excess sugar.
Actos overcomes Insulin resistance in the muscles. When food is in the intestines, onglyza, januvia, or tradjenta (linagliptin) 1) stimulate release of sugar from the pancreas, 2) stop sugar release from the liver, 3) slow stomach emptying making you feel full, and 4) give your brain the "full" signal so you stop eating. These can be taken in combination.
Dr. William Harris
Dr. William Harris
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Dr. Perry Sexton
Family Medicine

In brief: 2 major ways

The major players work by 1.
Increasing the Insulin sensitivity (metformin). 2. Increasing the amount of Insulin released at the time the pill is taken (glipizide, glyburide). There are additional medications that work on other subtle factors in glucose utilization (januvia) but these are often sought after the other methods have failed.

In brief: 2 major ways

The major players work by 1.
Increasing the Insulin sensitivity (metformin). 2. Increasing the amount of Insulin released at the time the pill is taken (glipizide, glyburide). There are additional medications that work on other subtle factors in glucose utilization (januvia) but these are often sought after the other methods have failed.
Dr. Perry Sexton
Dr. Perry Sexton
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Dr. Paige Gutheil
Family Medicine

In brief: Various ways

Different medications by mouth control blood sugar in different ways.
Some help your pancreas release more Insulin to bring sugar down. Some help keep your liver from releasing blood sugar into the bloodstream when it is not necessary. Some help your body utilize its own Insulin more efficiently. Some replace hormones that are deficient diabetes to increase Insulin and decrease sugar.

In brief: Various ways

Different medications by mouth control blood sugar in different ways.
Some help your pancreas release more Insulin to bring sugar down. Some help keep your liver from releasing blood sugar into the bloodstream when it is not necessary. Some help your body utilize its own Insulin more efficiently. Some replace hormones that are deficient diabetes to increase Insulin and decrease sugar.
Dr. Paige Gutheil
Dr. Paige Gutheil
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Dr. Dean Giannone
Internal Medicine

In brief: See below

(1) people in families with type 2 diabetics have a 90% chance of getting diabetes.
(2) obese people are more likely to have diabetes due to increase fat tissue causing resistance to insulin.

In brief: See below

(1) people in families with type 2 diabetics have a 90% chance of getting diabetes.
(2) obese people are more likely to have diabetes due to increase fat tissue causing resistance to insulin.
Dr. Dean Giannone
Dr. Dean Giannone
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