What is insulin?

An important hormone. Insulin is a hormone made by the pancreas that most importantly is involved in maintaining normal blood sugar by facilitating entry of glucose into cells. Insulin production is impaired in type 1 diabetes and Insulin is given as an injectable drug; it can be used in later type 2 dm when natural Insulin levels diminish, though the role of Insulin in type 2 is much more complicated.
Hormone for sugar. Insulin allows blood glucose (sugar) to get inside the cells for energy production. When there is an excess of sugar, Insulin helps to turn the sugar to fat for storage in case there is no food later.

Related Questions

What does insulin do?

Use glucose. Insulin allows the cells of the body to utilize the sugar that are floating in the blood. This sugar comes from the food you eat or sometimes from the liver while you are not eating.

What are insulin and proinsulin?

Sugar hormones. Insulin is a major regulator of glucose levels. Insulin promotes the uptake of glucose, particularly by muscle and fat cells. This is why we use Insulin therapy in diabetes, as an Insulin injection will force glucose levels to fall. ProInsulin is a precursor of the Insulin molecule as it is being produced in the pancreas. Small amounts of proInsulin are detectable in the blood in this way.

What is insulin-dependent diabetic?

Needs insulin. This means your pancreas does not produce Insulin and you need external source of Insulin to live.

Can you tell me what is insulin, how can we increase production of insulin from pencreas?

Depends. Hi. Insulin is a protein hormone that stimulates glucose uptake and storage of glycogen in liver and muscle, and storage of fat in adipose. If you're not diabetic, your body makes the perfect amount of insulin to keep blood sugar normal and store some energy. Type 1's can't make insulin. Type 2's can't make enough to keep blood sugar normal. Sulfonylurea drugs increase insulin secretion in type 2.

What is insulin resistance?

Slow uptake of sugar. Insulin helps the cells of your body take up glucose (sugar). When you have Insulin resistance, the Insulin in your bloodsteam is not as effective as it should be in getting the sugar out of your blood and into the cells that need it. The result is too much sugar in your blood and not enough in the cells that need it.
High insulin. Insulin resistance is a state in which a given concentration of Insulin produces a less-than-expected lowering of blood sugar or that a supra physiological level of Insulin is needed to maintain bs. In many scenarios, ir poses a significant risk factor for developing fatty liver and diabetes.

What does insulin resistance mean?

Decreased response. An easy way to think about "insulin resistance" is re-wording it as "decreased responsiveness". Insulin is generally needed to transport glucose (sugar) into cells, such as muscle or fat cells. In diabetes, one of the problems is potentially that these cells have a decreased responsiveness to Insulin and its actions on glucose.

What stimulates insulin release? What goes wrong in patients with diabetes?

Insulin & Diabetes. Glucose entering the blood from the stomach triggers release of insulin from the pancreas. In type 1 diabetes, people lack insulin. In type 2 diabetes, people are resistant to insulin; their insulin levels are actually higher than normal because of the body's resistance to it.