11 doctors weighed in:

What is a cleft lip and cleft palate?

11 doctors weighed in
Dr. David Astrachan
ENT - Head & Neck Surgery
5 doctors agree

In brief: Incomplete closure

During development of the fetus the palate and upper lip start separated from each other. During development the palate and lip come together and ultimately fuse.
Rarely the palate doesn't fuse leading to a space between the two sides (cleft palate) or the lip doesn't fuse (cleft lip) or both fail to fuse (cleft lip and palate).

In brief: Incomplete closure

During development of the fetus the palate and upper lip start separated from each other. During development the palate and lip come together and ultimately fuse.
Rarely the palate doesn't fuse leading to a space between the two sides (cleft palate) or the lip doesn't fuse (cleft lip) or both fail to fuse (cleft lip and palate).
Dr. David Astrachan
Dr. David Astrachan
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Dr. Daniel Sampson
Surgery - Oral & Maxillofacial
2 doctors agree

In brief: A defect

Or failure of the lip and/or palate to close during develoent of the fetus.
The two sides of the face come together and join a structure called the pre maxilla to form a normal face. Failure to fuse results in a cleft.

In brief: A defect

Or failure of the lip and/or palate to close during develoent of the fetus.
The two sides of the face come together and join a structure called the pre maxilla to form a normal face. Failure to fuse results in a cleft.
Dr. Daniel Sampson
Dr. Daniel Sampson
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In brief: Fissures

Cleft lip and palate are fissures or opennings.
They are developmental defects that occur prior to birth. They are very disfiguring, but can be corrected through surgery. Many times several surgeries are needed.

In brief: Fissures

Cleft lip and palate are fissures or opennings.
They are developmental defects that occur prior to birth. They are very disfiguring, but can be corrected through surgery. Many times several surgeries are needed.
Dr. Andrew Vendelis
Dr. Andrew Vendelis
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Dr. Earl Sandroff
Dentistry

In brief: Not closeed properly

A cleft lip and a cleft palate are conditions when the lip and/or palate don't come together properly.
There left is a malformation in both and possibly even holes that need to be fixed. They do make obturators to help with keeping the palatial situation to a minimum until surgery can be done. The lip likewise can be repaired with surgery at almost any time.

In brief: Not closeed properly

A cleft lip and a cleft palate are conditions when the lip and/or palate don't come together properly.
There left is a malformation in both and possibly even holes that need to be fixed. They do make obturators to help with keeping the palatial situation to a minimum until surgery can be done. The lip likewise can be repaired with surgery at almost any time.
Dr. Earl Sandroff
Dr. Earl Sandroff
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