What are the risk factors of vaginal cancer?

Risk Factors. Include age >60, hpv (human papillomavirus) infection, history of abnormal pap smear or cervix cancer, early hysterectomy, and exposure of your mother to des (diethylstilbestrol) while you were in her uterus. (des was used in the 1950's to prevent miscarriage.).
HPV. The hpv family of viruses encompasses over 100 different strains responsible for cervical cancer, genital warts and vulvar/vaginal cancer. Risk factors include multiple sexual partners, early age of first intercourse, history of abnormal pap smear, history of rectal cancer or hiv. Also, taking chronic meds like steroids or immune modulating meds for auto-immune diseases can increase the risk.

Related Questions

What are some of the risk factors for vaginal cancer?

HPV, smoking etc. Risk factors are similar to those for cervical cancer, i.e., hpv infection, multiple sex partners, early age at first intercourse, smoking, and HIV infection, for more information consult the following site. http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/vaginal-cancer/ds00812. Read more...

What is vaginal cancer?

Cancer in vagina. Age > 60 yrs and exposure to the drug des - diethyl stilbestrol before birth affect a woman's risk of developing vaginal cancer. There are 2 types - squamous cell vaginal cancer spreads slowly and usually stays near the vagina, but may spread to the lungs and liver. This is the most common type of vaginal cancer. It is found most often in women aged 60 or older. Adenocarcinoma occurs in < 30 yrs. Read more...
Vaginal Cancer . Vaginal cancer occurs in several varieties and involves an unchecked proliferation of the cells lining your vaginal canal. They are typically called "adenocarcinomas." the prognosis depends on their size, location, extent of spread, and classification. Unless your mother took the des pill before you were born, your risk at your age is very small. If concerned, consult your gynecologist for an exam. Read more...

How is vaginal cancer staged?

Determine spread. The staging of any cancer, including vaginal, is to give an assessment of the spread of the disease. Stage 1 cancer is confined to the affected organ. Stage 2 is spread beyond the vagina but not to lymph nodes. Stage 3 is spread to lymph nodes in area around vagina and stage 4 is spread to tissues distant from the organ like bone or liver. Read more...
The T, N & M. System. T assesses confined to vagina (i), invades paravaginal tissues (ii), extends to bony pelvic walls (iii), or invading rectum or bladder (iv). N1 extends to regional nodes. Read more...

How is vaginal cancer treated?

Excision. Vaginal cancer is rare and is usually treated with excision of the cancer and possibly lymph node removal. This may be followed by radiation and/or chemotherapy. Read more...
Surgery, radiation. Find out first if the cancer started in the vagina or it spread from the uterus. In most cases, surgery is used but needs to be followed with radiation. Sometimes chemotherapy is used too, as an adjunct to make radiation work better, particularly in young patients when aggressive treament should be attempted. Read more...

What are the signs of vaginal cancer?

Non-healing lesion. Any vaginal lesions or sores/ulcers that are slow to heal or don't heal at all are suspicious for vaginal cancer, herpes, or an auto-immune disorder and you should be evaluated by your doctor. These areas typically bleed with intercourse or other irritation. Read more...
Vaginal cancer. Is more common in the elderly , presenting with bleeding. Younger women may have painful intercourse, dryness, bleeding, and visual change on pap. Read more...

Can kids get vaginal cancer?

One kind, rarely. There is one rare type of vaginal cancer that is usually seen in young girls. It is called sarcoma botryoides or embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma, and looks like a bunch of grapes that hang out through the opening of the vagina. It can be treated with a combination of surgery and chemotherapy, and sometimes radiation. Read more...
Yes. But the type of cancer that they get in this area is usually different than what adults get. A very rare type of tumor, known as rhabdomyosarcoma, will often occur in this region, but other types of cancer can also happen in this area in young girls. Read more...

Can a 18 year old get vaginal cancer?

Very, very rarely. Vaginal cancer is rare, and usually found in older women (at least over the age of 30!) or uncommonly in very young girls (under the age of 8). Young adult women should think about preventing cervical cancer by getting vaccinated for hpv, and see a healthcare provider if you are have concerns about pain, discharge, lumps or bumps, or other changes in your vagina. Read more...
Vaginal cancer. It is very unlikely for an 18 year old to get cervical or vaginal cancer. Even the precancerous lesions are very unlikely unless you have some sort of immunosuppression (hiv, transplant ...). Read more...

Is vulval cancer different from vaginal cancer?

Yes. The vulva are the external lips at the opening of the vagina. Vaginal cancer would originate inside the vagina from the vaginal mucosal lining, whereas vulvar cancer would start outside of the vagina. Vulvar cancer could spread to the vagina, just as a vaginal cancer could spread outward to the vulva. With either, early detection and treatment gives the best outcome. Read more...
Yes. The origin of the body part is the name for the cancer and determines how we treat a cancer. So vulvar is because it forms on the female vulva and vaginal cancer forms inside the vagina. They may both be squamous cell cancer but their treatment and management is based on the origin. Read more...

What are the signs and symptoms of vaginal cancer?

Discharge, mass. Pain, ulcer. Vaginal cancers are less common than cervical cancer. The lesions are likely to manifest by producing bloody discharge, mass and/or ulcer in the vagina, depending on the location, pain. Bleeding on intercourse may be an early sign. Read more...