What is an oncologist?

A cancer doctor. In general, an oncologist is a physician who treats cancer - either surgically (surgical oncologist; gynecologic oncologist), with medications (medical oncologist or hematologist-oncologist), or with radiation (radiation oncologist).
A cancer specialist. Surgical oncologists perform cancer operations that remove the cancer and surrounding lymph nodes, generally speaking. Medical oncologist are the "quarterbacks" who give chemotherapy if needed and help coordinate the overall treatment plan. Radiation oncologists treat cancer with radiotherapy. All work together to help patients become cancer free or live the best they can with cancer.
Treats cancer. A doctor of medicine that treats/ studies cancer patients. There are usually 3 types of doctors that are intimately involved in treating cancer patients, surgical oncologist, medical oncologist, and radiation oncologist.

Related Questions

What do surgical oncologists do?

Surgical tx - cancer. A general surgeon who has undergone a 3 yr fellowship specializing in diagnosis and surgical treatment of cancers. . Read more...

What recommendations do oncologists have for a stage 1 breast cancer patient?

D/w your oncologist . Stage 1 in general is treated with surgery and radation therapy if lumpectomy is chosen. In addition, anti hormonal therapy is recommended for er+ cancer. Chemo +/- biological therapy i.e. Anti her2neu inhibitor - is given for some cases of stage i breast cancer- depending on the size, prognostic factors, oncotype dx, her2neu receptor status, age, preference, ps, etc. D/w oncologist in detail. Read more...
Complex. Surgery definitely (lumpectomy with radiation or mastectomy - depending on size, pt preference, etc.) decisions for chemo and/or hormonal therapy are complex and require much thought. Size of tumor and estrogen receptor and her-2 status are important as are the patien'ts age and overall health and her wishes. Oncotype-dx helps predict risk of relapse which helps decision making. Read more...
Very good prognosis . Stage one breast cancer has a very good prognosis if treated appropriately the usual treatment includes surgery and radiation and hormonal treatment with tablets that block estrogens. Read more...
Nccn and cancer.gov. General recommendations for stage i breast cancer involve surgery mastectomy + sentinel node biopsy or lumpectomy + sentinel node biopsy + radiation (whole breast + boost vs partial breast). Age may play factor in decision regarding radiation. +- adjuvant endocrine +- adjuvant chemotherapy. Nccn.Org and cancer.Gov are good websites. Read more...
It depends. Surgery is the first step. Either lumpectomy or mastectomy depending on several factors. Radiation is used mostly after lumpectomy in stage 1 patients. Chemo hormone blockers, both or additionally Herceptin (trastuzumab) can be used depending on the pathology results. It sounds complicated but will be explained by your physician in detail. Read more...

On what basis an oncologist decides whether a uterine cancer patient needs internal radiation therapy or external radiation therapy after a surgery?

It is based on prior. Prior experience and scientific data guides our practice of Oncology. The treatment is based on stage of disease and it is standardized on the basis of published data and available evidence. Read more...

What will an oncologist suggest for a patient with 16 lbs weight loss, CT with small masses on liver and one on kidney, swollen lymph nodes, and scarring skin rash?

Biopsy. If not already done, one of these masses will need to be sampled to tell exactly what it is. Read more...
Get a biopsy. Without a pathologic diagnosis, they may not say much. However, if you go to one, then they will most likely do a further work up to try and find a cause. Good luck. Read more...
Work-up. You should have further ealuation- some blood work at least to rule out other causes like autoimmune problems i.e. Systemic lupus erythematosus ( discoid lupus can be presented as round scarring rash or other manifestation) . Also, if not been done, biopsy would need to be done on one of those lesions. Discuss further with your doctor. Read more...
First, biopsy. The oncologist will likely recommend a biopsy to establish a diagnosis. Choice of therapy depends on (1) whether patient has cancer, (2) where it began, (3) where it has spread, and (4) overall health of the patient. Read more...

What do oncologists do?

Take care of cancer. There are 3 types of oncologists: surgical, medical and radiation therapy oncologists. The surgical oncologist removes malignant lesions hopefully as a curative procedure or to debulk for further therapy. The medical oncologists offers chemo in an adjuvant or therapeutic format and the radiation oncologists treat primary RT sensitive tumors for cure or metastatic tumors for palliation. Read more...