11 doctors weighed in:

What causes esophageal cancer? 

11 doctors weighed in
Dr. David Cooke
Surgery - Thoracic
7 doctors agree

In brief: Two types

Adenocarcinoma: caused by acid reflux or gerd.
This leads to barrett's metaplasia, then low grade dysplasia, then high grade dysplasia and then cancer. Squamous cell carcinoma is caused generally by smoking and alcohol consumption which is synergistic.

In brief: Two types

Adenocarcinoma: caused by acid reflux or gerd.
This leads to barrett's metaplasia, then low grade dysplasia, then high grade dysplasia and then cancer. Squamous cell carcinoma is caused generally by smoking and alcohol consumption which is synergistic.
Dr. David Cooke
Dr. David Cooke
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Dr. Ed Friedlander
Pathology
4 doctors agree

In brief: Depends

Classic squamous cell carcinoma is seen primarily in drinker-smokers are herpes simplex i (fever blister virus) is also implicated.
Recently there has been a great increase in adenocarcinoma, which may have something to do with reflux, but the reason for the increase remains mysterious. I wish you luck if you or a loved one has either illness.

In brief: Depends

Classic squamous cell carcinoma is seen primarily in drinker-smokers are herpes simplex i (fever blister virus) is also implicated.
Recently there has been a great increase in adenocarcinoma, which may have something to do with reflux, but the reason for the increase remains mysterious. I wish you luck if you or a loved one has either illness.
Dr. Ed Friedlander
Dr. Ed Friedlander
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