10 doctors weighed in:

What are the risk factors for esophageal cancer? 

10 doctors weighed in
Dr. David Cooke
Surgery - Thoracic
9 doctors agree

In brief: Depends on type

For adenocarcinoma, the risk factors are mainly acid reflux, leading to barrett's metaplasia, and being male.
The risk factors for squamous cell carcinoma include smoking, alcohol, radiation exposure, other head and neck cancers, caustic ingestion, a condition called achalasia, eating foods with nitrates, and conditions called chaga's disease and tylosis.

In brief: Depends on type

For adenocarcinoma, the risk factors are mainly acid reflux, leading to barrett's metaplasia, and being male.
The risk factors for squamous cell carcinoma include smoking, alcohol, radiation exposure, other head and neck cancers, caustic ingestion, a condition called achalasia, eating foods with nitrates, and conditions called chaga's disease and tylosis.
Dr. David Cooke
Dr. David Cooke
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Dr. Mario Matos-Cruz
Surgery - Thoracic

In brief: Tobacco

Tobacco smoking, chewing, scalding food, barret's oesophagus, chemical burns to include some.

In brief: Tobacco

Tobacco smoking, chewing, scalding food, barret's oesophagus, chemical burns to include some.
Dr. Mario Matos-Cruz
Dr. Mario Matos-Cruz
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