Can a child with microcephaly have surgery to open up the skull and give the brain more room?

Sometimes: Only if microcephaly is caused by prematurely fused plates of the skull. Most of the time, the skull is normal and the brain does not grow for other reasons.
Wouldn't help. The skull grows as big as it needs to accommodate the brain within. When you have a healthy brain that is genetically just small, it doesn't need more room. If your brain is unhealthy (Zeka virus damage) ,the skull will be big enough to accommodate the brain it protects, and more room won't help.

Related Questions

Can a child with microcephaly have surgery to open up the skull and give the brain more room to grow to its normal size?

Won't alter outcome. The skull is composed of many plates of bone separated by growth centers that "push away" from each other to allow the skull volume to increase.If the brain does not enlarge, there is no pressure to expand the skull.By 9-10 yrs the adult head size is reached & growth centers fuse.Skull surgery is done to open prematurely fused areas, it does not make the brain grow more than it would to begin with. Read more...