11 doctors weighed in:

How is the staging of anal cancer determined?

11 doctors weighed in
Dr. Eric Kaplan
Surgery - Colorectal
5 doctors agree

In brief: Similar

To all colon cancers, it is based on pathology or tissue diagnosis, depth of penetration, differentiation, lymph node involvement and metastatic workup including ct scans and pet scans.
But biopsy and or comp[lete excision is the first step and proper pathology evaluation is critical.

In brief: Similar

To all colon cancers, it is based on pathology or tissue diagnosis, depth of penetration, differentiation, lymph node involvement and metastatic workup including ct scans and pet scans.
But biopsy and or comp[lete excision is the first step and proper pathology evaluation is critical.
Dr. Eric Kaplan
Dr. Eric Kaplan
Thank
Dr. Richard Orr
Surgery - Oncology
5 doctors agree

In brief: TNM

Staging is based on physical examination, ct scans, etc.
: we then use the TNM system to classify. In brief: tumor (t1 to T3 (liothyronine) based on increasing size, T4 is spread to adjacent stuctures, n: nodes (n0 - no nodal spread, n1 - around rectum, n2- groin, n3-multiple sites, m: metastases m0 - no, m1 yes. Stage i and ii have no nodal spread, stage iii is T4 or nodal spread, stage IV is metastatic.

In brief: TNM

Staging is based on physical examination, ct scans, etc.
: we then use the TNM system to classify. In brief: tumor (t1 to T3 (liothyronine) based on increasing size, T4 is spread to adjacent stuctures, n: nodes (n0 - no nodal spread, n1 - around rectum, n2- groin, n3-multiple sites, m: metastases m0 - no, m1 yes. Stage i and ii have no nodal spread, stage iii is T4 or nodal spread, stage IV is metastatic.
Dr. Richard Orr
Dr. Richard Orr
Thank
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