Many... In acute respiratory distress syndrome, you need to treat the underlying cause. There are many, many syndromes that can result in ards. It is a serious condition usually treated in ICU settings.
Vent support. Treatment is a complex and includes rx of underlying cause, such as treating infections present, etc. Support often with a mechanical ventilator in a way so the ventilator itself does not injure the lung but adequate oxygen is delivered( lung protective ventilation) removal of excess fluid with diuretic medicine sometimes. These patients are very ill and may need other forms of ICU care.
Supportive. Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a scarring/inflammatory reaction in the lungs due to some insult: infection, injury, etc. You treat the underlying disorder, and it should get better. Some experts recommend steroids as well. But, this is controversial. Basically, you treat ARDS supportively: oxygen, a ventilator if needed, prevent complications, and the like. Read more...