What is mitral regurgitation and prolapse?

Different things. I think of mitral valve prolapse as a description of how the valve closes (the leaflets bow into the atrium). Regurgitation is actual leaking of blood back in the atrium. You can have prolapse without regurgitation. And not everyone with regurgitation has prolapse. There is a group of patients that develop regurge from prolapse, but not everyone.
MVP and MR. The mitral valve separates the left atrium and ventricle. Prolapse means that when the valve is in the closed position (when the heart is contracting), the leaflets bulge beyond the limits of the left ventricle and into the left atrium. With this bulging may come actual separation of the leaflets which no longer are fully closed and allow blood to "leak/squirt" into the atrium (regurgitation).

Related Questions

I have mitral value prolapse and mitral regurgitation, is it serious condition that I should worry about or not? I have hypothyroidism too.

Variable issue. A prolapsing leaflet of the mitral valve can be found in as many as many as 15-20% of the general population. It is quite variable in it's expression with many never being recognized. More common in women, the regurgitation can be negligible or important.Your pcp should be able to better quantify it's importance in your case. Read more...

Is mitral regurgitation and mitral valve prolapse the same?

No. Mitral vlve prolapse can lead to mitral regurgitation of significance in rare cases, diseases of the left heart can produce mitral regurgitation of varying degres . Read more...
No. Mitral valve prolapse refers to the mitral valve leaflets being stretched out and bulging (or prolapsing) into the left atrium ... Mitral regurgitation is leaking of blood from the left ventricule backwards into the left atrium through a leaky mitral valve ... Read more...
ONE CAUSES THE OTHER. When a leaflet prolapses it causes varying degrees of regurgitation. Read more...

Can mitral regurgitation start at anytime if mitral valve prolapse?

Yes. As we age and the heart changes, mitral prolapse may progress and lead to regurgitation. Mild regurgitation is harmless and nearly ubiquitous in the general population, even without mvp. Serious mvp which is relatively rare can be associated with sudden rupture of a chordal attachment and result in sudden, severe regurgitation which can happen anytime, is serious, and needs treatment. Read more...

Is there a difference between mitral valve prolapse and mitral regurgitation?

Yes. One can have either without the other. Prolapsed mitral valve leaflets could leak. Leaking mitral valves could be prolapse. However, one can have prolapse and no regurgitation or regurgitation and no prolapse. Read more...
Yes. Mitral valve prop lapse is a description of how the valves close. If one or both of the leaflets bow up into the left atrium that is prolapse. Not all prolapsing valves leak. Mitral regurge is when the blood leaks backwards into the left atrium. Some people with prolapse have leaking valves. But also not all leaking valves have prolapse. So they can be related but are not the same thing. Read more...

Do you think I can go to gym if I have a mild mitral valve prolapse with trivial mitral regurgitation?

Yes go to gym. Contact your Internist and Cardiologist and ask them if you are medically clear to engage in gym activities. Mild and trivial heart murmurs are common. Unless your doctors specifically told you not to exercise there is no barrier to exercise in my opinion. In fact there are multiple studies suggesting exercise is beneficial. Start by going to the American Heart Association for recommendations! Read more...
Absolutely! The most important thing for you be far, right now, is not to think of yourself as a cardiac cripple, or as disadvantaged in any way. Staying in good cardiovascular shape may even prevent you from having annoying rhythm problems that can attend mitral valve prolapse. By all means, give it your best and enjoy the rewards -- one of the finest gifts you can gift yourself. Read more...

I have mild mitral valve prolapse with trivial mitral regurgitation. Everything else normal Can I do kapalbhati pranayama daily for 30 minutes?

Mitral prolapse. Mild mitral prolapse with trivial valvular regurgitation (leaking) is unlikely to cause any future health problems. No specific treatment would be required, and no limitations on exercise or other activities would be prescribed based on this finding. Kapalbhati pranayama and other yoga practices are fine. This cardiac finding would not stop you from training to run a marathon if you wanted. Read more...

I've mitral valve prolapse without mitral regurgitation, and had panic disord and now I am anxious. I'm noticing extrasystole (fail of one bit)wat2do?

Discuss symptom Rx. I assume you have had a though work-up. If all else is benign, there is little to fear. The symptoms maybe from anxiety rather than the prolapse. Sometimes careful use of a beta-blocker can relieve symptoms related to anxiety, including the palpitations. See your doctor to discuss. Read more...
Anxious. Mitral valve prolapse is often associated with anxiety. First try the natural and self-directed ways to relieve anxiety-- (1) exercise; a brisk walk whenever you can; (2) progressive muscle relaxation exercises (you can find these on the internet); they work; (3) meditation, or even just sitting still in silence for 10-20 minutes at a time on a regular basis. Otherwise, you can see an md for med. Read more...

Mitral regurgitation 396.3 mitral valve prolapse, history of v 12.50 what are some of the treatments for this condition and any information you can share. Thank you. Joy age 60, female

Hello . Hello joy. Mitral valve prolapse is a condition where the mitral valve is a bit more floppy than usual and so does not form a perfect seal to prevent backward leaking of blood (mitral regugitation) from the ventricle into the atrium. If only mild, you do not need any treatment at all. The condition should be followed over time with annual visits to your doctor and periodic echocardiograms (heart ultrasound). If the condition worsens to the point of moderate or severe regurgitation, you may develop symptoms such as shortness of breath with exertion or fatigue. In that case, you may end up requiring a procedure to repair the valve. Repair is usually done surgically, but there are new techniques being developed to allow for minimally invasive repair via catheters. Read more...
Repair. Mitral valve repair when possible, can cure regurgitation and results in the best long term survival by preventing long term complications, preserving heart and lung function and preventing thromboembolic cerebral strokes or arterial emboli . Check out www.Mitralvalverepair.Org go see dr. David h. Adams at mt. Sinai in ny. Read more...