What is wilms tumor?

Kidney cancerw. Wilms tumor is a malignant tumor of the kidney. It most commonly occurs in toddlers and young children. It is extremely uncommon in teenagers or adults. Although it is a malignant tumor, it is one of the cancer with highest cure rate. Over all cura rate is about 80 %. Usually chidren present with a big abdomen due to the large tumor size.
Kidney tumor. Wilms is a malignant (cancerous) mass involving one (sometimes both) of the kidneys. It typically occurs in young children. It typically causes an abdominal mass or newly noticed blood in the urine. It can spread to lymph nodes, lungs, and brain. Treatments include surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation.

Related Questions

I need to know what is wilms tumor survival rate?

Depends on Stage. Wilms tumor survival rate depends on stage and biological characteristics of the tumor. It is a pediatric tumor, though some adults can be diagnosed with it (rare). Overall, the prognosis is very good for most (>90% cure). However, if the tumor has "diffuse anaplasia" and has spread, survival rate is lower (~45%). http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/wilms/healthprofessional/page5. Read more...

What is wilm's tumor? Does it have another name?

Childrens renal Ca. Wilms tumor also called nephroblastoma is a type of childhood cancer that starts in the kidneys. Most are unilateral. but 5% to 10% of children with Wilms tumors have more than one tumor in the same kidney. About 5% have bilateral disease. The average newly found Wilms tumor is larger than the kidney in which it started. Nephrectomy followed by chemo is required. for treatment. Read more...

In what way does wilms tumor effect the kidney?

Depends. When a wilms tumor is small, it may not have much of an affect on normal kidney function. As it grows, it will slowly impinge on normal kidney function, which can result in problems with the urinary tract, filtering of the blood, and possibly cause high blood pressure. Many times the entire affected kidney needs to be removed as part of treatment (this depends on many factors). Read more...

What birth defects accompany wilms' tumor?

Usually none. The most common finding is an abdominal mass with no other symptoms/defects. Wt may be part of a congenital syndrome, which can involve absence of the irises and/or genital abnormalities in the case of wagr syndrome; or enlarged head, enlarged tongue, abdominal wall defects, and eye/ear defects in the case of beckwith-wiedemann syndrome. Read more...
Many can. Wilms' tumor (a childhood kidney cancer) can be a part of other congenital syndromes such as wagr syndrome, denys-drash syndrome, and beckwith-wiedemann syndrome. Other accompanying birth defects can include lacking the colored part of the eye, ambiguous genitalia, intellectual disability, large birth size, large tongue, intestinal malformation, and large eyes. Wilms' tumor can also occur alone. Read more...

What are the stages of wilms tumor?

1-4. This is a simple breakdown-- stage 1-limited to kidney stage 2- outside the kidney stage 3-residual tumor after removal of the kidney inside the abdomen stage 4-metastasis to liver, lung, brain or other regions for more details you can go to: http://www.Cancer.Gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/wilms/healthprofessional/page3. Read more...
Four stages. Stages 1-4. One is small tumor involving only single kidney. Two is large tumor crossing midline. Three involves mets to vessels and lymph nodes. Four has distant mets to lungs, etc. Histology type is also very important. Read more...

What are the tests for wilms tumor?

Ultrasound. Ultrasound of abdomen can show this childhood tumor. Read more...
Imaging and tissue. Ultrasound is many times the first imaging modality used, then ct scans are required for staging. The kidney with wilms is completely removed (unless there is bilateral disease), and then a pathologist determines whether its appearance falls under favorable histology, or focal or diffuse anaplasia. All of this information will guide therapy. Read more...

At what age is wilm's tumor typically diagnosed?

2-4 years. Wilm's tumor is most often diagnosed in young children, most younger than 8 years. The average age of diagnosis is 2-3 years. Read more...
Infancy and childhoo. Wilma tumors are usually diagnosed in the first 3-4 years of life. They usually present as an abdominal mass that is one-sided. It may be associated with hematuria (blood in the urine). Workup includes blood tests, ultrasound and cat scan to assess size and extent of tumor prior to surgery. Surgery involves removing the involved kidney. Read more...

What is survival rate of wilms tumor?

For favorable histol. It's close to 100%, and even unfavorable histology the survival when localized is quite good. It dips with metastasis to lung, and the very rare rhabdoid variety of kidney tumor. Read more...
Depends. Major factors that affect survival are stage and histology and another genetic test of the tumor. Survival ranges from 95% in some cases (stage 1, favorable histologyand normal genetics) to 60% (stage iv, favorable histology, abnormal genetics) to 30% ( stage iv, unfavorable histology). Read more...