How rare is macular degeneration vision impairment?

Frequent in elderly. There are a few rare macular degeneration (md) cases in the young but most md is in the elderly. Vision changes can be from minor to severe depending upon the individual. The frequency increases with age up to about 17% affected in those over age 90. If you or a family member/friend has this problem, they should see a retinal specialist for evaluation and possible treatment.
Fairly common. Macular degeneration was the most common cause of legal blindness in individuals over 50. With modern treatment strategies, severe vision loss is much less common, but updated statistics do not yet exist. Some degree of vision impairment usually develops with this chronic degenerative disease over time. The earliest symptoms include delay in adjusting to dim light ; needing more light to read.

Related Questions

Vision impairment question, at what age do you get age related macular degeneration?

No set age. Age-related macular degeneration (armd) is a condition that usually affects individuals over the age of 50 and causes central vision loss. It is more common the older we get (likely because it becomes more noticeable) and has a peak in the 70s. It can be seen at earlier ages in some individuals, and the the age of onset will be younger as we get better at testing for it. Read more...
Over 50. By definition, age related macular degeneration is diagnosed if the patient is at least age 50 years old, and has typical macular findings. Individuals with a family history of amd are advised to have regular eye exams beginning at age 50 to look for signs, and start vitamin supplementation if appropriate. Read more...

Are there any signs of vision impairment with early age related macular degeneration?

Depends. Most people experience distortion in the central vision as an early sign of age-related macular degeneration. There is a self-screening tool called an amsler grid that is often recommended for people with risk factors for the disease. It can help to detect early distortion. Decreased central vision with difficulty to read, recognize faces, watch tv, and drive often happen as the disease progresses. Read more...
Yes. While often overlooked and not talked about much, perhaps the earliest sign of macular degeneration (amd) is delayed adjustment from bright to dim light ("delayed photostress recovery"). Many patients with signs of amd on examination and nearly perfect vision will report that they have noticed that it takes longer so see things when coming from bright into dim light surroundings. Read more...

How does macular degeneration affect a person's vision?

See below. It usually affects the central vision; i.e., one's reading vision. Symptoms includes central blurry or missing spots or distortion/waviness in vision where straight lines appear wavy (metamorphopsia). Read more...

I am 72 years old and have age related macular degeneration what can I do to preserve remaining vision?

There are 2 kinds. Wet and dry. You need to see a retina specialist, ask your eye doctor for a referral. The dry type is less treatable, the wet one has options. Read more...
Two types. 1. Dry age-related macular degeneration: treated with areds vitamins, tobacco cessation. 2. Wet age-related macular degeneration: intravitreal injections of anti-vegf molecules like avastin, lucentis, (ranibizumab) or eylea. See a retina specialist. Read more...
Assess Risks. See a retina specialist who can help stage your risk for severe vision loss. This can be done based upon your retinal exam as well as lifestyle (smoking, diet, blood pressure, lipids) and genetics. By doing a cheek swab, we can now stratify your risk of developing advanced stages of amd. Read more...

What happens to the vision if a person has macular degeneration?

Central vision loss. At it's most extreme, macular degeneration causes the central macula, or the most acute vision center of the eye, to be damaged. The vision loss can be severe, but usually the peripheral vision is spared and can be used to get around. Read more...
Varies. Sometimes the vision is not affected, sometimes the vision gets distorted (wavy, crooked, broken lines, or dark spots on amsler grid), and sometimes severe central vision loss can occur. Depends on the degree of the disease and complications from it. Read more...
Fairly common. Macular degeneration was the most common cause of legal blindness in individuals over 50. With modern treatment strategies, severe vision loss is much less common. Some degree of vision impairment usually develops with this chronic degenerative disease over time. The earliest symptoms include delay in adjusting to dim light ; needing more light to read. Visual acuity decline follows. Read more...

How will macular degeneration affect my vision, both now and in the future?

It depends. Depending on the severity of the wet or dry form, macular degeneration is generally progressive. The rate is highly variable but with increasing severity, the central vision may become blurred and distorted while the peripheral vision remains essentially intact. Read more...
Depends. On severity, intervention, but typically central vision is affected, peripheral vision is left intact (thus not totally blind) can be stable or progressive implantable telescope may help the right candidate with amd. Read more...
Future. In age related macular degeneration symptoms typically do not start until after the age of 50 yo. Among the earliest symptoms are a delay in adapting to dim light situations, progressively blurry and distorted vision may follow. The vision affected is always central, so peripheral vision remains intact. Read more...

Are there any conditions other than macular degeneration that cause lines to look wavy in your vision?

Several thi ngs. Having these types of symptoms can best be solved by having your doctor perform a thorough evaluation. Only through this type of process can he/she discover what's going on and how best to help you. Read more...
Yes. There are many: cystoid macular edema, macular hole, macular pcuker, diabetic macular edema, central serous retinopathy, vitelliform maculopathy, macular dystrophy, stargardt disease, among many others. See a retina specialist. Read more...
Yes, many. The most common condition that may cause wavy vision might be a macular pucker. Others include central serous chorioretinopathy, drusen in the macula, macular hole, etc. Best to get an exam with an eyemd! Read more...

If a 30 y/o male has macular degeneration, is there anything he can try to help him improve his vision?

Rare in young people. There are vitamins and nutrients that have been shown to decrease the risk of progression in large studies for dry macular degeneration. There are other treatments as well, such as injections of meds in the eye. However, that said, macular degeneration is very uncommon in a 30 y/o. I would recommend that you see a retina specialist for further evaluation and management. Read more...
Unusual. At age 30, typical macular degneration is not really present. In this age group, macular degeneration like conditions are generally hereditary dystropies (conditions that worsen early in life). Best to see a retina specialist to sort this out. Read more...

I am 42 years old and was told that I have age related macular degeneration what can I do to preserve vision?

Correct diagnosis? At age 42, you are unlikely to have age-related macular degeneration. That is a disease of people aged 50+. I would see a retina specialist to confirm the diagnosis. Read more...
Macular Degen @ 42. As a retinal specialist, I have seen atypical macular degeneration present in the 40's. It is uncommon. Family history can be relevant here. Preserving vision depends on the severity of the amd (age related mac degen). The ared's study indicates that certain nutrients are beneficial to stage 3 and 4 amd. Have regular eye exams with dilation and when indicated Fluorescein angiography and oct. Read more...