Yes, a criteria. Preeclampsia is clinically defined as hypertention and proteinuria (protein in urine) with/out edema occuring after 20 wks of pregnancy. So, hypertention is a required component for the diagnosis. Help is severe preeclampsia involing hemolytic anemia, liver dysfuctions, and low platelet count. These are very important illnesses and follow-up with doc asap/regularly is strongly advised...Good luck.
HPN-PREECLAMPSIA. The BP is checked after delivery to make sure mother is fine after preeclampsia. BP usually returns to normal.
Yes, possibly. After pregnancy, the pressure usually returns to normal and there are no long term effects. However, mothers who have high blood pressure in pregnancy are at an increased risk of developing chronic high blood pressure later in life and should be monitored regularly.
Yes. Hypertension and proteinuria are the hallmarks of preeclampsia.
Many risks-"toxemia" A woman has a higher chance of developing preeclampsia if she has a history of it or hypertension, is diabetic, has certain kidney or autoimmune disease, has >1 fetus, is at an age extreme (young or midlife), etc. If she does develop preeclampsia, complications include the condition progressing to eclampsia (convulsions) or to strokes, kidney damage, bleeding, etc.
Very likely. Subsequent episodes are very probable.
Too some degree. Family history does play a role in tendency towards high blood pressure. But you can exert some control over your risk by sticking to a healthy diet and staying close to your ideal body weight.
Possibly. Would recommend periodic & routine evaluation with you ob.
Usually not. Preeclampsia BP usually goes away with delivery of the baby. You may have high BP in later life if you are already prone for it.
Excellent question! Women with preeclampsia are at increased risk for chronic hypertension years later. Women who actually seized with eclampsia in their pregnancy show residual neurobehavioral subtle changes decades later (poor memory/focus). So, we are not telling the whole story when we say that preeclampsia is a pregnancy disorder, it has after-effects that persist long after the woman's reproductive life is over.
See below. Less than 140/90.
I go to the doctor regular and im 21 weeks preg. I have chronic high blood pressure and take methyldopa twice a day. Could severe preeclamsia occur suddenly and me not know it or would there most likely be symptoms?
Yes, symptoms. Severe pre-eclampsia is most commonly defined by and associated with symptoms, such as headache, visual changes, and right upper abdominal pain. Usually severe swelling also may develop.
See below. High blood pressure is a risk factor for preecclampsia. Lower extremity swelling, edema, uncontrolled blood pressure, visual problems, stomach pain nausea vomiting. Protein in the urine and other blood abnormalities.
How many weeks after giving birth do you expect high blood pressure caused by preeclampsia to go back to normal?
Varies. Usually within 2 weeks or so. However, normalization may take longer if there is an underlying tendency to high blood pressure and or obesity.
4-8 weeks, generally. It depends upon multiple factors, including maternal age, gestational age u develop high BP, and other existing medical conditions including previous pregnancies. Since delivery of the baby is the best treatment of preecclampsia, persistent high blood pressure beyond 6-8 woks would require medical treatment, with little effect on breast feeding.
Can last 6 weeks. Sometimes abnormal placentas begin to breakdown at 20wks, leading to exposure of mom to some of dad's placental genes and lead to an "allergic" reaction where the vessels spasm and platelets are drawn away (thrombocytopenia). The spasm causes high BP, HA, liver dysfunction, vision changes, and protein in the urine; leads to maternal seizure, decreased baby growth, and sometimes placental abruption.