A lymphangioma. A cystic hygroma is a congenital multiloculated lymphatic lesion that can arise anywhere, but is classically found in the left posterior triangle of the neck. This is the most common form of lymphangioma. It contains large cyst like cavities containing watery fluid. Cystic hygromas are benign, but can be disfiguring. It affects children; very rarely it can present in adulthood.
Cyst of the neck. It's a large cyst of the neck, typically seen in newborns. There is an association with turner's sydrome, where a baby girl is born with only one x chromosome. (45, xo).
Nil to chromosomal. Cystic hygroma can be found in healthy babies or in babies born with chromosome abnormalities. The outcome is generally better for a baby that does not have a chromosome abnormality. About 60% of cystic hygromas result from chromosome abnormalities. Common disorders associated with cystic hygroma are turner syndrome and trisomies.
? Tests? The cystic hygroma is usually suspected due to size, location & characteristics. Laboratory examination of the excised mass confirms the initial assessment.
It depends. Many cases of this are found in utero, or after birth, so often there are no symptoms, just the sign of a swelling in the neck by the posterior triangle at or after birth. Some can be large and can affect breathing and swallowing. They can resolve, but if they are large, they need to be drained. In any case, these patients need to be in a neonatal center capable of monitoring and treating them.
No cure per se. Cystic hygroma (ch) is typically seen around 12-22 weeks in fetuses with turner/down syndrome, or severe cardiac/skeletal anomalies. It's a marker of disorders and not a problem in and of itself. As such, no specific treatment is warranted in utero. It may lead to a pregnancy loss or completely resolve. Rare newborns have persistent ch and merit consultation with plastic surgery; tincture of time!
Depends. Depending on the size and location a pediatric surgeon may be able to reduce the size of the defect with surgery. The process is not a simple one, requiring pre-operative planning and postoperative surveillance. WOrking on these is not without risk.
Excision if desired. The cystic hygroma is usually suspected due to size, location & characteristics. Laboratory examination of the excised mass confirms the initial assessment. Small defects may be left alone if desired. Many larger defects can interfere with general functions & should be removed.
Cystic hygroma. Cystic hygroma often associated with fetal chromosomal anomaly some of which are lethal but not all.
Cystic hygroma. Surgery is necessary, but what js your question.
Developmental. Cystic hygromas are developmental anomalies of the lymphatics. These are generally seen in children and become large and affect nearby organs, even though the lesions themselves are benign. These are often present in the neck, back and chest.
Malformed lymphatics. A more precise description of ch is a malformation of what should be thin walled lymph channels similar to string baloons. Instead they form together in grapelike clusters of round baloons in collections of various sizes. More common clustered in the neck, I have seen dime sized lesions scattered over the body or a massive one wrapping like a winter coat around the trunk. Surgical removal may b rqd.
Cystic hygroma. A cystic hygroma is an abnormality of the lymphatic system. A fetus diagnosed with a cystic hygroma has only a 17% chance of surviving and being born alive. There are no home remedies for a cystic hygroma.