Yes. An otolaryngologist (ent - ear, nose, throat) or a gastroenterologist can treat reflux.
Many Possibilities. If this is chronic and not a new problem may need to consider your diet such as things like coffee, smoking, spicy foods, and alcohol intake. Also there can be a chronic infection of the stomach that can cause this called h. Pylori which can be tested for by blood and stool tests. This is treatable with antibiotics. Also try otc meds like Zantac (ranitidine) and Prilosec with maalox. Try changing diet as well.
Check the web. There are plenty of "reflux diets" on the web. In general, avoid things that make it worse, typically citrus drinks, caffeine, alcohol, tomato sauce, spicy foods, and chocolate are among those commonly on the list. If its too much, you may need other lifestyle changes, medication, or an endoscopic or surgical procedure to actually fix the problem. Hope this helps!
GERD defined. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (gerd) involves movement of stomach contents back into your esophagus. Gerd can be "silent" in a substantial # of patients, manifesting with ear/nose/throat & lung problems without heartburn. Heartburn is the common presentation of burning discomfort in your chest with exposure of the esophagus to stomach contents. See earlier healthtap answers for gerd prevention.
Surgery for GERD. In 2008, a british study conducted by grant compared surgery vs medical therapy in patients with gerd. The investigators reported that by 12 months, 38% of those who had surgery were taking reflux medication, compared with 90% of those on medical management. Long-term results of antireflux surgery have shown that, at 10 years, 90% of patients are symptom-free and only a minority still take meds.
Surgery reflux. Surgery is a very effective therapy for select individuals with reflux disease. This only comes after a variety of testing to select the best candidates for surgery including an egd, ugi, manometer, and ph study. About 90%+ while improve after surgery if properly selected. An interesting study published compared the cost of medical therapy versus surgery. After 10 years, surgery was cheaper.
Protonpump inhibitor. For mild reflux h2 blockers such ranitidine or Zantac works and for worse cases proton pump inhibitors such Omeprazole or prilosec. Avoid caffeine and eating at least 2 hours before bedtime. Being overweight may worsen the case as well as stress.
Few things. I would first suggest identifying foods that worsen your gerd. Avoid them if possible. Also avoiding eating close to bedtime, since lying down will cause more reflux. Caffeine can also worsen gerd. If that doesn't work, try taking some over the counter ranitdine or Famotidine as needed. If it still persists, see your doctor for more discussion on long term implications of gerd.
Generally yes but. However, there are some people that have milk allergy, or react to the fat content in milk (regular is 4%, 2%, 1%, skim 0%, also available. Lactose intolerance. Also each one's GI tract and function is very unique, like personalities (many specialists well versed in this field consider the gut one's inner personality). The chief of GI at jhh, where I did residency, became a psychiatrist.
Very common. It's estimated that 10 to 20% of the US population has GERD. That number will be increasing given the aging of the population, in addition.
Common sense. Nothing is forbidden- however, if spicy food is giving you problem and make your reflux worse- then you may want to avoid it so that you are not going to suffer.
Common. It is a fairly common laparoscopic surgery performed by surgeons with expertise in this type of surgery. Names of surgery may be laparoscopic nissen fundoplication.
Yes. Laparoscopic anti-reflux surgery such as a nissen fundoplication involves reducing the stomach from the chest if there is a hiatal hernia, repairing the hernia, and wrapping the stomach around the gastro-esophageal junction to help prevent reflux. It works well in normal-weight patients, but is more likely to fail in obese patients.
Medication. There are three main ways to treat gerd. First is behavior changes such as avoiding foods like fried and fatty foods, carbonated beverages, coffee, chocolate. Next would be medications to shut down acid like zantac (ranitidine) (h2 blockers) or Prilosec (ppi's).99% of people can be controlled this way but infrequently surgery can be done as well to prevent acid from getting into the esophagus.