What causes cerebral palsy?

Injury to nerves. CP results from an stable (non-progessive) injury to brain cells that are devoted to movement, muscle control & posture. The injury can be lack of nutrients (oxygen, glucose) due to blood flow problems or hemorrhage or infection (virus, parasite, bacteria).The injury can occur during pregnancy, labor, delivery or the first 3 yrs.
Brain injury. Cerebral palsy is a static encephalopathy which results in a problem with control of muscles. Children may be found to have the condition shortly after birth. Some are due to injury at birth, others due to injury in utero, many the cause is never determined. Injury to the brain after birth can result in a form of acquired cerebral palsy such as from meningitis, stroke, injury, brain surgery.

Related Questions

What causes cerebral palsy?

Cerebral palsy. Cerebral palsy is caused by an abnormality or disruption in brain development, usually before a child is born. Causes include: random mutations in genes, maternal infections that affect the developing fetus, lack of oxygen or blood flow to the brain, infant infections that cause inflammation in or around the brain, traumatic head injury to an infant from a motor vehicle accident, fall or abuse. Read more...
Cerebral palsy is a . group of motor impairments defined by the way they affect mobility & hand use. Genetic errors, prenatal exposure to alcohol or drugs & other factors can alter brain formation as early as 3 wks. after conception. Decreased flow of blood & oxygen to the fetal brain from maternal, placental or fetal problems can occur any time before or during birth. Trauma & infection can cause CP up to age 3 yrs. Read more...

What causes cerebral palsy in child?

Damage to the brain. Cerebral palsy is a term used to label a child who has a static encephalopathy. There are many different types and degrees of dysfunction that fall within that label. There are abnormalities of motor function found on neurological examination, but the child may be quite intelligent and otherwise normal. The cause is complex but involves damage to motor control areas of the brain. Read more...
Difficult to know. We understand that this relates to an injury to the nerves that control movement & posture within the region of the brain called the motor cortex. By definition the injury can happen any time from when the nerves form to the 3rd birthday (research definition).Whether this is from poor blood flow, silent stroke, low blood sugar, toxin or infection, no specific cause is apparent. Read more...

What causes cerebral palsy in children?

Various causes. It is often not known, but any injury to the brain, whether through an infection, or inflammation or low oxygen, or other, can potentially lead to cerebral palsy. Those insults often happen early on in life or even during fetal stages of life. Read more...
Hard to say. CP is caused by any injury to motor cortex in the brain from the point they become active in pregnancy to the 3rd birthday (research definition).These include loss of oxygen, blood flow, glucose (fuel), infection, trauma, etc. Studies show over half those with symptoms evident by age 7 had a normal pregnancy labor and delivery. The extent of impairment is quite variable. Read more...

Need expert help here. What are the causes of cerebral palsy?

Loss of motor neuron. The brain has areas where the nerves that issue working signals to the muscles are located. For these nerves to grow and mature after conception, they need nutrients (oxygen, protein, carbohydrates) all brought to them by the normal flow of blood to their location. This is assured when blood flow in the placenta ; brain is normal. Nerves die if nutrients are cut off, and this causes motor problems. Read more...

What is the cause of cerebral palsy? Is there any hope on the horizon?

Brain injury. Cerebral palsy is caused by an injury to an immature brain. Typically it occurs in a child who is born prematurely, but can occur at any point during pregnancy up to the age of 3yo. It is a nonprogressive condition, but its impact on the body may change over time. Unfortunately there is still no cure. There are some preliminary studies on stem cell therapy, but not enough info yet to recommend. Read more...
Some do beter. CP is a broad term applied to a disorder of movement & posture related to brain injury occurring at any time from pregnancy to the 3rd birthday.If the muscle control centers of the brain have been damaged, those cells are lost.. Babies have some ability to re-wire some functions, so PT can help. Most improve some with age, some have major difficulties in life. Read more...

Can drugs cause cerebral palsy?

Not directly. Cerebral palsy is caused by injury to an immature brain. It typically occurs when a child is born early or has an event where they have inadequate blood suppply or oxygen to the brain for a signifcant length of time. Read more...
Not that we know. More than half of kids with CP will occur with normal (no drugs) pregnancy,labor & delivery.The triggering event is a variable brain injury to the motor centers of the brain at any point from its formation up to the 3rd birthday.Things that would interfere with blood flow or oxygen distribution would be expected. Since we don't know all the side effects of unspecified drugs we don't know for sure. Read more...

What could cause a couple to have 2 kids with cerebral palsy?

Bad luck. Some women have trouble during pregnancy. Even without any outward signs the woman may carry an infection or carry a risk for thrombosis that can damage the fetus and result in cerebral palsy. Detailed discussions should occur with her doctor. Read more...
Preemies? Although many answers are possible children who are born prematurely or with low birth weight are statistically more likely to have cp. This does not directly answer the question, but any condition which results in early birth could theoretically increase one person's risk of having a child affected by cp. Read more...
CP is a group of . chronic childhood motor impairments. A wide range of genetic etiologies cause abnormal fetal brain development as early as 3-9 weeks after conception. A pediatric neurologist would compare the siblings' clinical findings, abnormalities on MRI of the brain & EEG, growth & developmental trajectories & results of their Chromosomal Microarrays & DNA Probes for Fragile X, then refer to a geneticist. Read more...

Does cerebral palsy cause a child's coordination to get worse as he grows older?

Generally not. CP describes a disorder of motion or posture caused by an injury to the nervous system during pregnancy or up to three years of age.The definition of CP makes it separate from disorders causing a deterioration of function as the child ages.Some CP kids who walk when younger will choose a wheel chair as a faster mode of transit when they get older. Actual coordination may improve some with therapy. Read more...
Not traditionally. While cerebral palsy(cp) can be a devastating diagnosis, in my busy pediatric practice I have seen children with CP "graduate" from being wheelchair bound to successfully ambulating with crutches. Progress depends upon the individual determination of the child and his parent's willingness to devote the time demanded by physical therapy to accomplish this--as well as the severity of the CP itself. Read more...
Non progressive. Cerebral palsy is a result of a brain injury. The damage is non progressive. However, as a person grows, the imbalances may make people clumsy. In addition, the spasticity that characterizes CP can cause limitation of motion at joints, especially the legs,. Physical therapy with stretching of joints is important to prevent limitation of function. Read more...

Can cerebral palsy be caused by damage during adulthood, or do you have to be a child?

No . Cerebral palsy is a condition related to a brain injury that occurs during birth. One can't develop cerebral palsy. Read more...
No. Little's disease or cerebral palsy as it is now known is defined as a disorder of motion and posture related to an injury to the developing nervous system that occurs anytime from pregnancy up to the age of 3 years. Traumatic brain injury in an adult brain can produce similar effects, but is not cp. Read more...
Cerebral Palsy. Cerebral palsy is caused by brain injuries during the pregnancy, labor or around the time of delivery. When brain injury occurs to an adult, due to trauma, infection, stroke or toxin, it is not called cerebral palsy, but may cause similar physical problems. Read more...