Can living at a higher altitude cause spontaneous pneumothorax?

No. Pneumothorax is a risk with barotrauma occurring during rapid changes in pressure causing the lung to overexpand. For example if a scuba diver is at depth takes a deep breath and comes up from the high pressure depth to low pressure at surface, the lungs will overexpand. As pressure decreases, volume of air in lungs increase>barotrauma. Living at constant pressure at high altitude is ok.
Generally no. Living at higher altitude is not regarded as an independent risk factor for spontaneous pneumothorax. The risk factors for primary and secondary spontaneous pneumothorax (sp) include: smoking (including marijuana), tall thin stature in otherwise healthy, connective tissue disorders, pregnancy, familial history. Lung inflammation is also hypothesized to be important.

Related Questions

Can living at a higher altitude be a risk if you had a spontaneous pneumothorax?

Slightly. Once your heart, blood and lungs have acclimatized there should only be minimal if any additional risk. The only time of increased risk is the initial change to a higher altitude. Read more...
Slightly. Once your heart, blood and lungs have acclimatized there should only be minimal if any additional risk. The only time of increased risk is the initial change to a higher altitude. Read more...
Possibly. Living at higher altitude is not regarded as an independent risk factor for spontaneous pneumothorax. The risk factors for primary and secondary spontaneous pneumothorax (sp) include: smoking (including marijuana), tall thin stature in otherwise healthy, connective tissue disorders, pregnancy, familial history. Lung inflammation is also hypothesized to be important. Read more...