YES. Over time it can lead to heart failure.
Right heart failure. Blood backs up in the left atrium which overflows into the two vena cavae which lead to distention of these veins which swells the liver and the ankles. If it becomes more severe, then, the right ventricle distends and blood backs up into the lungs and causes shortness of breath. This is called right heart failure. Also, insufficient blood gets to the rest of the body because the left ventricle.
May Increase. If mitral stenosis is severe, pressure increases in the blood vessels of the lungs, resulting in heart failure with fluid accumulation in the lungs and a low level of oxygen in the blood.
Sure. Many are mothers. It may be advisable for you or not, but you'd expect to be followed by a cardiologist and maybe a maternal-fetal specialist.
Depends. Mitral stenosis (ms) can cause a variety of symptoms depending on severity. Severe MS can cause left atrial enlargement leading to afib and since the mv is the "door "to the left ventricle there is decrease in cardiac out put. Pressure builds up behind it and back in to the lungs and can cause congestive heart failure. Ms pts can get their valve replaced and reverse many of these if done early enough.
Mitral valve. Valves are like doors, they have to open and close. Mitral stenosis is when the mitral valve doesn't open enough. This causes shortness of breath by forcing lung pressure up. Repair or replacement of the symptomatic valve improves the problem, if surgery possible, medical therapy less effective long term.
Can be. Rheumatic heart disease is pretty rare these days, due to aggressively treating strep throat with antibiotics. However, it is still the most common cause of mitral stenosis. In general, the causes of mitral stenosis include rheumatic fever, infective endocarditis and just the wear and tear of natural aging.
Yes. While many patients are unaware they have had rheumatic fever, it is the most common cause for mitral stenosis world wide.
With mitral stenosis -- what is the point of listening to my heart when they always just do a cardiac echo anyway?
Mitral valve. Auscultation is first done during physical exam, then echo is ordered to confirm the diagnosis.
Some. Heart murmurs are benign (not medically important) while others can be life threatening. The sounds you here only confirm a murmer is present and a possible location. The echo confirms the diagnosis and allows us to quantify its severity and effect on the heart.
Depends. This depends on how severe the stenosis is. It is important to see a cardiologist and continue to watch this condition closely as it changes over time, and you may need surgery at some point in time.
Maybe at some point. It depends on the degree of stenosis you have. If the blockage is high enough then you may need surgery. Unlike a leaking valve which most people get repaired - with stenosis many are replaced. It is harder to repair a blocked valve.