What is hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

IT IS A DISEASE OF. Your heart musclein which a part of the heart muscle is thickened or hypertrophied without any obvious cause. It is better known for causing silent, sudden cardiac death in otherwise healthy young people and athletes. Younger people are likely to have a more severe form of hcm. It is frequently free of symptoms until sudden cardiac death, and for this reason some suggest screening these youngsters.
HCM. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a condition in which the heart muscle becomes thick, and obstruction to outflow may occur. Arrhythmias may occur as well. It is commonly inherited, first degree relatives should be screened. Patients may have severe symptoms, or no symptoms at all. It is a common cause of death in young athletes who seemed completely healthy.

Related Questions

What is hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (hcm)?

HCM. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a rare condition of the actual muscle of the heart becoming so large and thick as to obstruct outgoing blood flow. Because outgoing flow is reduced the heart must work even harder to pump blood to supply oxygen to the body. It is notable because patients are usually asymptomatic but can initially present with sudden collapse or even death.
HOCM. Hocm is a condition of local muscular obstruction to the outflow of blood from the heart. It is part of the spectrum of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy which is abnormally thick heart muscle usually genetically related.

How does someone know what hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is caused by?

Broad topic. Hypertroph cardiomyopathy is a unusally thick heart and as a result makes it stiff and non compliant. These pts also have trouble with salt and water as it can cause heart failure. Some pts were born with this and it runs in familys. Family should be screened. Secondary causes are uncontrolled BP over long periods of time. And aortic stenosis.
Often inherited. Hcm is an autosomal dominant disorder which means it'sinherited from parents without gender prediliction. This is, however, variable and some cases do not run in families. A careful family history, however, will often supply clues to an otherwise unsuspected familial trend such as "uncle so and so died unexpectedly or had heart failure at a young age and the cause was never determined.".

Could any expert explain to me what hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is? Thanks!

In 50 words or less. HCM is a genetically acquired disease of heart muscle manifest by asymmetric thickening, abnormal relaxation and filling, dynamic obstruction to left ventricular outflow, and a tendency in some to serious rhythm disturbances. Chest pain & congestive heart failure are complications. See: http://www. Mayoclinic. Org/diseases-conditions/hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy/basics/definition/con-20030747.

What exactly is obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

Genetic heart prob. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a genetic disease, typically affecting one of the proteins that are a part of the contractile apparatus of the heart. Most causes are inherited in an autosomal dominant fashion. It is possible to not have inherited disease, but rather have a de novo mutation. Typically, there is abnormal thickening of the left ventricle. Sudden death can occur.

What are symptoms of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in an otherwise normal person?

Cardiomyopathy. The symptoms can vary and may include, but not be limiyed to, shortness of breath, passing out, feeling lightheaded, rapid heart beat, heart arrhythmia, sleeping with more pillows, and feeling weak or fatigued. Some patient may have minimal or no symptoms if young and otherwise healthy, but the symptoms may progress over time.

What are the causes of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

Cardiomyopathy. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is usually inherited within families due to abnormal genes causing irregular heart muscle growth.
Genes and others. About half of patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy are due to mutations in genes encoding cardiac muscle proteins or sarcomeres. Few are due to errors in metabolism such as Fabry's disease due to a lack of enzyme (galactosides) and the other half the cause is unknown. The genetic group is familial and autosomal dominant-50% chance of having defective gene in a family member.

What people are affected by hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

HCM. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy doesn't occur in any particular frequency in one group of people over another. It is relatively uncommon, being seen in about 1 in 500 people in the general population. However, it occurs in a hereditary form more than 50% of the time and therefore relatives of people with this disease should be screened for it.
Depends. If its severe it usually affects atheletes and active people pts can have an arrythmia leading to sudden death. It can cause pts to faint. Especially if dehydrated. Treatment with a beta blocker and maybe a defibrillator.
Hypertrophic. It is a genetic disease, if you have it in your parents/ family there's a higher chance.

What is hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy?

Heart disease. Obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a genetic disorder that is one of the leading causes of sudden cardiac death in young people, particularly athletes. It is quite rare, but can be devastating in its ability to produce fatal arrhythmias. It is also a serious cause of heart failure due to decreased blood flow through the aortic valve to due obstruction of flow by the ventricular septum.

Is hypertrophic cardiomyopathy serious?

Yes. Among young individuals, it is one of the leading causes of sudden death. A complete assessment by a cardiologist familiar with the condition can identify and recommend treatemtnto reduce the risk of sudden death.