Rubeola or "red measles" is caused by the rubeola virus, and usually lasts about 14 days.
Although most people recover without problems, rubeola can lead to pneumonia or encephalitis. Rubella or "german measles" is caused by the rubella virus and lasts about 3 days. While usually milder than red measles, it can cause significant birth defects if a pregnant woman gives it to her unborn child.
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