Some of it. Even though 8 out of every 1000 babies born will have have some form of heart defect, when there is a first line family member affected the number goes up to about 16-30/1000 (for some particular defects this number will be higher) so this would suggest a genetic component...We just haven't learned enough about genetics and the heart to be more precise, but this is changing every day.
Depends. Most follow a multi-factorial pattern, with about 4% risk of the offspring having some form of defect (not the same one). Offspring of 2 parents with any form of CHD have about 10% risk of any defect in their children. Some genetic syndromes have associated heart defects, risk would follow the pattern of those syndromes. When questions arise, consulting a geneticist is worthwhile.
Polygenic problem. The information that codes for proper heart formation is shared by many genes on chromosomes. Genetic studies show linkage, where a person with a form of chd has a 4% chance of having a first degree relative with any form of chd as well as a 4% risk of having a child with a chd. A few rare syndromes have higher genetic risk (dominant = 50%) that sometimes have chd as part of the syndrome.
Very complicated. We are only beginning to understand the genetics of chd. The advent of new microarray systems has opened many doors of genetics research. We are rapidly identifying new genes implicated in chd. Genes have been discovered to cause many disorders. Please see: genetics of congenital heart disease the glass half empty by akl c. Fahed et al; circulation research. 2013; 112: 707-720.
Multifactorial. The inheritance of congenital heart defects follows a different pattern than commonly thought of genetic traits like skin or eye color. The risk to any newborn is a little less than 1%. The risk of a subsequent child I higher - about 2-3%. The risk to the child if the mother (or father although the numbers are lower)is affected is about 6-8% and varies with the defect.
If my partner (man) has congenital heart disease with the vessel, is there any way to get pregnant with help of genetic doctor to have a healthy baby?
Genetics of heart. Many male patients with congenital heart disease have fathered healthy children. Depending on the father's disorder there may or may not be a somewhat increased chance of transmitting a genetic condition. This could be addressed by a cardiovascular genetic medical doctor. More details would be needed to give you a specific answer.
Yes. Yes. There are several heart defects that you may die from if you are affected. Usually that happens early in life. Many of the defects can be corrected surgically, but not all of them and sometimes despite correction they do not have good prognosis. I would refer you for the list of such conditions to pediatric cardiologist since science in this area is changing constantly.
Ultrasound, EKG. An echo and ultrasound will pick up nearly all. Further testing may be indicated in specific cases.
Variable. This varies quite a bit with the chd under consideration. If you have a specific one in mind, please submit a new question with that in mind.
Present at birth. Congenital heart disease and the term congenital heart defect are used interchangeably. Congenital heart defects are structural abnormalities of the heart and/or the large blood vessels in the chest that are present at birth. There are dozens of different defects. Some have no real implication and some can have life-threatening consequences requiring multiple surgeries starting early in life.
None. Not that I am aware of.
Usually none. Most antibiotics do not cause birth defects and there is no known association with antibiotics and congenital heart disease, specifically. However, taking any medicine during pregnancy should probably be avoided if you can. We don't know everything about everything.
No Known. Some medications are known to cause birth defects if taken by a pregnant woman. However, I am not aware of any known associations with antibiotics causing specific heart defects in pregnancy.
Totally different. Coronary artery disease signifies the development of obstruction in the coronary arteries that supply blood to the heart. The usual cause of obstruction is cholesterol build up (plaques). Congenital heart disease usually refers to structural defects of the heart that occur in utero (in the womb) and often times involves heart structures such as valve and vessels (aorta, pulmonary artery).
Also age. The coronary artery diseases usually occur in later age of life (>50 years) unless familial high cholesterol or other risks (smoking) while congenital heart disease mostly present in the first few years of life (sometimes as early as first month of life) and the treatment for both is different.
Difference. Congenital heart disease means you are born with it. Rarely coronary arteries are the main problem, usually it is one of the more common structural deformities. Coronary heart disease is disease of the coronary arteries, generally as a result of lifestyle issues such as high cholesterol, high blood pressure, smoking, obesity, etc.