10 doctors weighed in:

How is attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder defined?

10 doctors weighed in
Dr. K. Olson
Psychiatry
5 doctors agree

In brief: ADHD

The criteria can be more objectively measured by using the asrs - a widely available instrument.
It is suspected when students underachieve - perform worse than iq/achievement testing would suggest or are inconsistent. The impact can be evident at home with poorer self-esteem and rejection - by parents and friends. Heightened impulsvity, hyperactivity, fidgetiness, and disruptiveness are typical.

In brief: ADHD

The criteria can be more objectively measured by using the asrs - a widely available instrument.
It is suspected when students underachieve - perform worse than iq/achievement testing would suggest or are inconsistent. The impact can be evident at home with poorer self-esteem and rejection - by parents and friends. Heightened impulsvity, hyperactivity, fidgetiness, and disruptiveness are typical.
Dr. K. Olson
Dr. K. Olson
Thank
1 comment
Dr. Jeff Seaman
Great caution is recommended when using the ASRS alone (self-report / self-reported survey). This insrument is a screen test only/ It has high sensitivity but limited specificity with relatively unimpressive positive predictive value. Perfect screener, but never a diagnostic entity alone. Too many other conditions will score positive on ASRS so always look for congruent data before Dx.
Dr. Carla Enriquez
Pediatrics
2 doctors agree

In brief: DSM-IV TR currently

The diagnostic & statistical manual of the amer psych assoc, fourth edition, revised (dsm-iv tr) is the internationally accepted provider of psychiatric diagnostic criteria.
As such the basic definition of ad/hd is given in that manual. These are the minimum criteria to make the diagnosis for physicians to follow. See http://www.Psychiatry.Org/practice/dsm/dsm-iv-tr.

In brief: DSM-IV TR currently

The diagnostic & statistical manual of the amer psych assoc, fourth edition, revised (dsm-iv tr) is the internationally accepted provider of psychiatric diagnostic criteria.
As such the basic definition of ad/hd is given in that manual. These are the minimum criteria to make the diagnosis for physicians to follow. See http://www.Psychiatry.Org/practice/dsm/dsm-iv-tr.
Dr. Carla Enriquez
Dr. Carla Enriquez
Thank
Dr. Johanna Fricke
Pediatrics - Developmental & Behavioral
1 doctor agrees

In brief: All types of ADHD

are neurodevelopmental disorders with 6/9 or > significant symptoms of Inattention &/or 6/9 or > significant symptoms of Hyperactivity/Impulsivity that cause harmful dysfunction at school/work & home in academics, behavior &/or peer interaction, began before age 10 & have lasted at least 6 mos.
Deficits in Active Working Memory & Executive Functions are common. No biological marker exists.

In brief: All types of ADHD

are neurodevelopmental disorders with 6/9 or > significant symptoms of Inattention &/or 6/9 or > significant symptoms of Hyperactivity/Impulsivity that cause harmful dysfunction at school/work & home in academics, behavior &/or peer interaction, began before age 10 & have lasted at least 6 mos.
Deficits in Active Working Memory & Executive Functions are common. No biological marker exists.
Dr. Johanna Fricke
Dr. Johanna Fricke
Thank
Dr. K. Olson
Psychiatry
1 doctor agrees

In brief: ADHD

Inability to achieve to your capacities, procrastination, lack of foliow-through on mundane or boring tasks (unless at the absolute last moment), hyperfocus on activities that interest one (to a fault - ignoring important deadlines, staying up very late or absorbing a grab deal of time in the activity, missing meals, peer alienation), problems with time management/organization, and impatience.

In brief: ADHD

Inability to achieve to your capacities, procrastination, lack of foliow-through on mundane or boring tasks (unless at the absolute last moment), hyperfocus on activities that interest one (to a fault - ignoring important deadlines, staying up very late or absorbing a grab deal of time in the activity, missing meals, peer alienation), problems with time management/organization, and impatience.
Dr. K. Olson
Dr. K. Olson
Thank
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