Could I use red wine vinegar instead of apple cider vinegar to get rid of a planters wart?

Neither will work. Vinegar of any kind does not treat warts. All vinegars have acetic acid, and you may have come to believe it would help because one standard treatment for warts is bi- or trichloroacetic acid. Despite the similar name, it's a very different chemical. Coud try OTC product like Compound W, but usually little help. Best to see a dermatologist or other Dr for in-office treatment or a prescription.