Bone marow transplan. Just like what dr. Kwok said- the only thing that can cure thalassemia major is allogeneic bone marrow transplantation. Otherwise, the rest of management of thalassemia major is mainly supportive care with blood transfusion, iron chelating agent, and other treatment to reduce the complication from iron overload. No major treatment needed for thalassemia minor or trait -discuss with your doctor.
No, but manageable. Thalassemia, is an inherited autosomal recessive genetic defect , produces abnormal hemoglobins, unfortunately no cure, but with availability of excellent medical care people are living longer.