What is the difference between HDL and LDL cholesterol levels?

Directional. Total serum cholesterol is made up of several component lipoproteins. Amongst these are fractions: hdl-c is the "good", which you want to be as high as possible and ldl-c is the "bad" which you want to be as low as possible. Lifestyle and, if needed, drug therapy, can help towards those goals.
Good vs Bad. Hdl is high density lipoprotein. Hdl provides a vital service in removing cholesterol from the vasculature, and accelerating its excretion in the liver. In general, an HDL >50 is recommended. Ldl is low density lipoprotein. This harmful type of cholesterol leads to atherosclerosis, which can lead to stroke, heart attack, or peripheral arterial disease. In general, an LDL <130 is recommended.

Related Questions

Is my cholesterol high (195) because my HDL is high (57)? LDL is near optimal (118). I am taking Accutane (last month), if that makes a difference.

Cholesterol NOT high. Your cholesterol is NOT high. 195 is perfectly fine. The higher the HDL the better. If your HDL was 40 your total chol. would be 178; FAR better to have 195 with HDL 57 than 178 with HDL 40. But high cholesterol is not the main cause of heart disease- the real cause is inflammation! See http://tinyurl.com/axtab4d and http://tinyurl.com/9x3n594 and http://tinyurl.com/p7t9ul8. Read more...

Can cholesterol lowering medications be used to elevate HDL levels. The research doesn't seem to support that choice? Total and LDL are w/in range

HDL. Hdl is not often helped with cholesterol drugs. There is some disagreement about this with crestor (rosuvastatin). But, HDL is very much affected by lifestyle. Moderate cardiovascular exercise of at least twenty minutes per day combined with a high protein and low carb diet can significantly elevate the hdl. Read more...

Ldl cholesterol 140 HDL 46 total is 206. No other risk factors. Weight 170 height 5ft9in. 30yo femaLe. These levels bad and what should I lower themto?

It depends. It really depends on your risk factors. A blood test result without a clinical history is not very helpful. your HDL is a little low for a female ( it should be >50). Aerobic exercise can increase this. If you have diabetes or a family history of heart disease, then your LDL is too high. You need to review these labs with the doctor who ordered them. Read more...
Diet/Exercise. Aerobic and anaerobic exercise which is consistent and plant based diet with additional protein from seafood products will do the trick. Always do this under the care of a physician. Read more...
Not bad. Watch the amount of cholesterol in your diet, and get regular exercise. Periodic recheck of your cholesterol. That's all you need! Read more...
Follow the following. Exercise most days of the week (aerobic work), eat fruits and vegetables liberally, limit saturated fats, increase fish and fish oil intake, have fiber with each meal, get six to nine hours of sleep nightly, keep your weight in check, don't sweat the small stuff, don't smoke or drink excessively (one or two drinks weekly). The lower the better on LDL and the higher the better on HDL. Read more...
LDL-C. Little high, finding need to know triglycerides too, easy way to lower both is with omega-3 EPA fish oil, either dietary supplement or Vascepa. Read more...
Exercise and low fat. Exercise and a low fat diet are the best ways to lower your LDL and raise your HDL. I wouldn't be too concerned about your total cholesterol, it is less important than the other numbers. A good goal would be to get your LDL below 130 unless you have risk factors, in whcih case 40 is normal. I would recheck the levels in 3-4months. Read more...

How can I lower cholesterol (ldl), and increases HDL levels?

Diet, exercise, drug. Diet rich in fresh vegetables, fruits, whole grains, low fat milk and milk products, nuts, beans, legumes, lentils and small amounts of lean meats. Avoid saturated fats. Exercise at least 150 minutes/week and increase the intensity of exercise gradually. Do not use tobacco. You may need drug treatment. See this site for more info. http://www.hpb.gov.sg/hopportal/dandc-article/7. Read more...

What is the average normal for ldl, HDL and vldl cholesterol level. Iam 48 yrs old

Cholesterol. Hdl levels >60mg/dl are good, 36-59 acceptable and 190 is very high. The vldl normally ranges between 5 - 40 mg/dl. But to understand this you must have triglyceride levels, total cholesterol and a full detailed medical history and exam. Read more...

My triglycerides level is high....but cholesterol is awesome! Hdl is high, ldl low.... What could be going on?

Hypertriglyceridemia. ARE KNOWN , SEPARATE LIPID DISORDERS some of which are FAMILIAL and ALL OF WHICH must be treated just as aggressively as CHOLESTEROL problems! See a Cardiologist ..it's IMPORTANT! Hope this helps Dr Z. Read more...
Hypertriglyceridemia. If your serum triglyceride concentration is between 150 and 500 mg/dL, this is considered "mild to moderate" elevation. In the absence of risk factors for coronary heart disease, this may not be significant. You could bring your level down with aerobic exercise, avoiding concentrated sugars, and maybe taking a fish oil supplement (3000 mg per day). Fish oils can have GI and metabolic side effects. Read more...