11 doctors weighed in:
What is meningitis?
11 doctors weighed in

Dr. John Leander Po
Internal Medicine - Infectious Disease
7 doctors agree
In brief: Inflammation
Part 1: great question.
It specifically refers to the inflammation of a protective layer of the brain and spinal cord called the meninges. Clinically, movements that stretch this layer (i.e. Bending the neck forward) will be painful. It can be caused by several microbes such as bacteria, fungi, and viruses. A lumbar puncture is the gold standard in obtaining spinal fluid for testing of meningitis.

In brief: Inflammation
Part 1: great question.
It specifically refers to the inflammation of a protective layer of the brain and spinal cord called the meninges. Clinically, movements that stretch this layer (i.e. Bending the neck forward) will be painful. It can be caused by several microbes such as bacteria, fungi, and viruses. A lumbar puncture is the gold standard in obtaining spinal fluid for testing of meningitis.
Dr. John Leander Po
Dr. John Leander Po
Thank
Dr. John Leander Po
Internal Medicine - Infectious Disease
2 doctors agree
In brief: Not an encephalitis
Part ii- meningitis doesn't involve brain tissue; otherwise, the brain would be inflamed and cause an encephalitis.
Confusion/altered mental status is the hallmark of this latter diagnosis. Of course, if both the meninges and brain tissue are inflamed, we can call it a meningo-encephalitis. Again, several micro-organisms and other non-infectious processes can cause these diagnoses.

In brief: Not an encephalitis
Part ii- meningitis doesn't involve brain tissue; otherwise, the brain would be inflamed and cause an encephalitis.
Confusion/altered mental status is the hallmark of this latter diagnosis. Of course, if both the meninges and brain tissue are inflamed, we can call it a meningo-encephalitis. Again, several micro-organisms and other non-infectious processes can cause these diagnoses.
Dr. John Leander Po
Dr. John Leander Po
Thank
Dr. Lisa Roberts
Pediatrics
1 doctor agrees
In brief: Brain infection
Meningitis refers to infection of the fluid surrounding the brain.
It is a very serious illness that can result in permanent brain damage and deafness. It may start with flu like symptoms and then rapidly progress to involve infection in the brain. Some children may have vomiting for no apparent reason, stiff neck, severe lethargy or irritability. Occasionally a purplish rash may appear.

In brief: Brain infection
Meningitis refers to infection of the fluid surrounding the brain.
It is a very serious illness that can result in permanent brain damage and deafness. It may start with flu like symptoms and then rapidly progress to involve infection in the brain. Some children may have vomiting for no apparent reason, stiff neck, severe lethargy or irritability. Occasionally a purplish rash may appear.
Dr. Lisa Roberts
Dr. Lisa Roberts
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Dr. Marcus Degraw
Pediatrics
1 doctor agrees
In brief: Infection around the
Meningitis is an infection of the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord (meninges).
The infection ban be bacterial, viral or fungal.

In brief: Infection around the
Meningitis is an infection of the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord (meninges).
The infection ban be bacterial, viral or fungal.
Dr. Marcus Degraw
Dr. Marcus Degraw
Thank
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