Can a barium swallow detect esophageal cancer?

Yes, but endoscopy is better, and any abnormality that looks like cancer detected on barium swallow will need an endoscopy/biopsy anyway.
Depends. Barium swallow can disclose lesions in the esophagus and the imaging study can diagnose a mass or ulcer in the esophagus that would be suggestive of cancer. A definitive diagnosis usually requires biopsy and examination of the tissue by a pathologist.

Related Questions

Barium swallow found a large, abnormally shaped mass in esophagus- & narrowing of esoph. Wall but blood work normal- rules out cancer?

Not necessarily. Normal blood work does not rule out cancer. An abnormal mass in the esophagus needs to be biopsied and tissue examined by a pathologist to make a definitive diagnosis. Please follow you doctor's advice. Read more...

Can laryogoscopy and barium swallow test detect throat cancer?

Yes. One of the easiest ways of performing laryngoscopy is with a flexible scope which is a long narrow tube with lenses contained within which is past down the nostril after utilizing a topical anesthetic spray. One can easily visualize the nasopharynx, full larynx, oro pharynx and pass behind the larynx to the piriform sinuses on each side where even early pathology can be defined. Read more...

So there really isn't that much more risk of developing cancer if you've had a barium swallow and get a chest ct scan done?

Well there are othe. There can be other malignancies not picked up by those studies. Have your physician help guide you. Read more...
True. The amount of radiation one receives from those two studies is very small altogether. Although certainly any radiation carries some risk, the amount here is minuscule. The chances of getting cancer from this are almost nil. Hope this helps. Read more...

Barium Swallow = irregular mass like narrowing of esophagus, loss of 50 lbs in 6 months, weakness, fatigue and extreme nausea daily. Is this cancer?

Worrisome. The details that you present are certainly worrisome. A diagnosis of cancer can't be made without a look at your esophagus and a biopsy. Given the circumstances, you should seek that out immediately. Keep your courage. Good luck. Read more...
Very likely. Certainly, the description and symptoms you describe are likely associated with cancer. This should be confirmed with a biopsy. The biopsy will not only validate the diagnosis but will identify the cancer type and stage. One caveat, no exam is perfect. it is possible you don't have cancer. Your doctor is likely to order a CT scan to see the extent of the mass outside the esophagus. Read more...

Barium Swallow showed irregular mass like narrowing of esophagus, loss of 50 lbs in 6 months, weakness, fatigue and extreme nausea daily. Is this most likely going to be a cancer diagnosis?

Yes. The most likely cause of esophageal narrowing with wt. loss , especially if lesion just above cardioesophageal junction is adenocarcinoma of the distal esophagus related to h.pylori. After bx to confirm, essential to get PET/CT and follow with RT chemo to reduce the size of the lesion and any mediastinal nodes. 6 wks later resection needed and if nodes pos. to follow with maintenance chemo. Read more...