How does insulin and glucagon work together to control blood sugar?

Diabetes hormones. Insulin lowers blood sugar. Glucagon raises blood sugar. Normal blood sugar depends on the balance of the two hormones. In type 2 diabetes, Insulin doesn't work well and glucagon is overproduced, leading to higher blood sugar.
Work together to bal. People without diabetes use both hormones. Insulin lowers glucose and glucagon raises glucose. Most know about Insulin and how it lowers glucose and is missing in diabetes, but glucogon is also missing. Research into an artificial pancreas for people with diabetes has used both hormones to better regulate glucose.

Related Questions

How do hormones, glucagon and insulin work together to control blood glucose levels?

In tandem. They work in tandem, with Insulin lowering blood sugar when needed and glucagon raising it when needed. However, in type 2 diabetes glucagon is stimulated inappropriately, raising glucose even further when it's already elevated. Read more...

How do insulin and glucagon control blood sugar levels?

Opposite action. Insulin will deliver glucose to the cells of your body and has the potential to cause hypoglycemia. In the presence if hypoglycemia or with fasting, glucagon is the hormone secreted which will stimulate glycogen (stored glucose) conversion to glucose in order to keep body fuel supply going. Read more...

Blood sugar 0' 60' 120' - 82mg, 83mg, 65mg insulin 0' 60' 120' - 4, 2mui/l, 43, 6mui/l, 2, 6mui/l, glucagon - 25pg/ml, is this insulin resistance?

Glu tolerance. That is a normal glu tolerance test. In addition, if you calculate homa-ir from the fasting glu and insulin, that is a very good value (i.e. Not Insulin resistant). The question, however, is why are these measurements being made? You list metformin as a medication. This does not make sense if you have normal glucose tolerance. Read more...