Fractures. Fractures of the long bones are the commonest cause of fat embolism, though most cases go undetected. Chest compression as part of cardio-pulmonary resuscitation is often associated with fat/bone marrow embolism. Injury to fatty tissue and uncommon metabolic disorders also can cause fat embolism.
Oxygen deprivation. Blockage of circulation causing 02 deprivation.
Particle that moves. The term embolism implies something "breaking off" or travelling from an area where it is typically found to another area, through the body, usually in the vascular system. Obviously fat implies some type of lipid particle. This type of embolism is usually related to a traumatic injury, often a bone fracture, allowing this material access to the vascular system. It can be very serious, even fatal.
Shortness of breath. Shortness of breath, chest pain, and cough are some of the most common symptoms of fat embolism.
Fat particles in lun. Fat particles break loose and go in lungs causing shortness of breath.
Result of trauma. Usually result of a long bone e.G femur or tibia fibula fracture fat particle dislodges and travels to the lung.
FractureComplication. This is almost always preceded by a long-bone fracture, the theory being that fat from bone marrow (and other harmful particles) get into the veins of the bone and travel to the lung. The body's reaction to these particles is what causes most of the trouble, causing tissues to swell and decreasing the movement of oxygen from the lungs into the blood.
If true, serious. Fat embolism is usually due to trauma with disruption of long bones like the femur, exposure of the fat in the marrow to the blood space, & then causing hematologic havoc like diffuse clotting and then a very serious condition called disseminated intravascular coagulation that consumes the proteins needed to clot, so difficult to control bleeding results. This is a big deal, so urgent care needed.
Strokes and hypoxia. Fat emboli cause two very serious problems. The most common is blockage of blood flow in the lungs. The other is blockage of blood flow to the brain, should they pass through the heart.
EMERGENCY. Fat embolism is usually due to trauma with disruption of long bones like the femur, exposure of the fat in the marrow to the blood space, & then causing hematologic havoc like diffuse clotting and then a very serious condition called disseminated intravascular coagulation that consumes the proteins needed to clot, so difficult to control bleeding results. This is a big deal, so urgent care needed.
Serious. Fat emboli to lungs can be life threatening. Usually from bone fracture or trauma. Fractures need to be set as quickly as possible. Pt needs to be closely monitored. Albumin IV helps. Pt may need ventilator.
Seeing the Dr. You need to seen and followed by a doctor to possibly be placed on some sort of blood thinning medication, and have your LIPIDS followed regularly to assure you are at goal with your fat embolism risk factor. Depending on the values, you may need lipid lowering medication. If overweight, certainly diet and exercise would be part of your treatment too. Good luck.
You got an emergency. When fat enters the lungs you will have pain, shortness of breath similar to pulmonary embolism from a blood clot. Go to the emergency room if this is what you have.