Local toxicity. Contemporary chemoembolization is done with beads that elute chemotherapy (doxorubicin) eliminating the need to plug the more proximal arteries with particles. This is one off several methods to treat liver cancer. The result is local toxicity to the liver/tumor that is exposed to the bead and tumor cell death.
Chemoembolization. This is a procedure for treatment of liver tumors. Typically, a catheter is inserted into the arteries through a small incision in the groin. The catheter is directed into the arteries of the liver, then into the arteries that feed the tumor(s). A mixture of chemotherapeutic drugs is delivered directly into the tumor, then the arteries are plugged up with small particles.
Necrosis. Usually chemoembolization is done to treat liver cancer. When chemoembolization is done, it can affect non-cancer cells (liver cells), which can cause liver enzymes to become high, which is usually transient. Other most common symptoms after chemoembolization are pain, fever, nausea/ vomiting, which are also transient.