How is the sun protection factor measured?

SPF. Spf stands for sun protection factor. The number is determined experimentally indoors by exposing human subjects to a light spectrum meant to mimic noontime sun. Some subjects wear sunscreen and others do not. The amount of light that induces redness in sunscreen-protected skin, divided by the amount of light that induces redness in unprotected skin is the spf. It is mainly a measure of uvb protec.